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Rational Choice Theory: Approach To Situational Crime

Situational crime prevention is an idea criminologists use in order to reduce the chances of crime initially taking place. This theory does not aim to punish criminals after the crime has taken place like the criminal justice system does, but however the opposite, it aims to reduce the chances of the crime taking place to start with. Ron Clarke (2005) describes this theory as an approach that aims to reduce the opportunities out there for crime, involving rational choice theory. Clark focuses on three methods within this theory, directing at specific crimes, altering the environment we live in and aiming to reduce the benefits of committing crimes.
Rational choice can have major effects when it comes to individuals committing crimes, rational
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For instance, stealing clothes from stores now doesn’t have the benefit it had before, when trying to remove the electronic tag they now provide the ink which is designed to leak all over the item. This ruins the item and therefore takes away the gain of not paying for the item. Also graffiti is removed extremely quickly now by a community within society, this results in the criminals piece of work not being visible to many and there artistic skills not shown, reducing the reward for them being an effective technique of reducing crime if the benefit is…show more content…
(Crawford and Evans, 2002) Although we may see this as an effective technique many have concerns with it. This theory of crime prevention also appears to ignore the individual themselves and put blame on the victim, this theory focuses on the environment and how our society causes criminals to commit crimes rather than blaming it on the offender themselves, as it focuses so solely on the opportunities available for the offender. This also includes the victim, how the victim provides opportunities such as not having double locks on the door, it hints at the idea that the victim has provided the opportunity for the offender, taking the blame from the offender to the
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