Rape and Sexual Assault

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Rape is a serious problem with increasing occurrences. It is defined as “forcible sexual intercourse with a person who does not give consent” (Santrock, 2012). However, the legal definition of rape differ from state to state (Santrock, 2012). According to Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network, RAINN, as of 2014 there are an average of 237,868 victims of rape and sexual assault each year (RAINN, 2014). With 525,600 minutes in a year, someone gets raped every 2 minutes. These numbers are astounding! However, they are greatly underrepresented because 60% of sexual assaults are not reported to the police. Rape or sexual assault can occur to anyone including women, children, and men, gay or straight.
RAPE AMONGST FEMALES
Rape is a very traumatic experience for the victims. One in six American females will suffer from sexual assault or rape (RAINN, 2014). Females, along with males usually suffer from depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, pregnancy and many more (RAINN, 2003). In addition, victims “may suffer from adverse emotional consequences including feelings of ongoing fear, low-self esteem, self-blame, guilt and shock” (Branch et. all, 2013). Moreover, the largest group people diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder are survivors of sexual assault (Reid-Cunningham, 2009).
Even more shocking is the statistic that “15% of sexual assault and rape victims are under age 12; 29% are age 12-17; 44% are under age 18” and 80% are under age 30 (USDOJ). The ages 12-34 are the highest risk years (USDOJ). Furthermore, violence between intimate partners causes U.S. women to collectively lose about $727 million in wages from about 8 million days missed of work (“Facts about Violence”). While violence in w...

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... October 10). Against his will: Female-on-male rape. CNN. Retrieved April 29, 2014, from http://www.cnn.com/2013/10/09/living/chris-brown-female-on-male-rape/
Male Survivors - Rape and Sexual Abuse Survivors Message Board and Chat Room. (n.d.). Male Survivors - Rape and Sexual Abuse Survivors Message Board and Chat Room. Retrieved April 30, 2014, from http://www.aftersilence.org/male-survivors.php
Reid-Cunningham, A. R. (2009). Parent--Child Relationship And Mother's Sexual Assault History. Violence Against Women,15(8), 920-932.
Santrock, J. W. (2002). A topical approach to life-span development. Boston: McGraw-Hill.
USDOJ: Office on Violence Against Women. (n.d.). USDOJ: Office on Violence Against Women. Retrieved May 1, 2014, from http://www.ovw.usdoj.gov/
Understanding the Perpetrator. (n.d.).Welcome. Retrieved May 1, 2014, from http://sapac.umich.edu/article/196

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