Identification of an individual based on their race promotes racism, which entails individuals from a particular race viewing their race as better compared to the others. American society believes on the ideal that all men are equal from the day of creation (Visweswa... ... middle of paper ... ... undermines the unity since some races will be identified with some negative values and others viewed as better. Most of the Americans hold to the principle of directness in which individuals are expected to communicate since it is the best way to be heard. Directness is important because it fosters the development in the American society (Connelly, 72). Identification of individuals based on their races does not embrace the principle of directness as they want their grievances addressed based on their races.
I will base information from Webster’s definition of Racism, reading assigned for the course, and some of my own ideas on ways to overcome this obstacle as a nation. Racism has historically been defined as the belief that race is the primary determinant of human capacities, that a certain race is inherently superior or inferior to others, and/or that individuals should be treated differently according to their racial designation. Sometimes racism means beliefs, practices, and institutions that discriminate against people based on their perceived or ascribed race. While the sin of racism is an age-old phenomenon based on ignorance, fear, estrangement, and false pride, some of its ugliest manifestations have taken place in our time. Racism and irrational prejudices operate in a vicious circle.
RACE: SMOKE AND MIRRORS The study of race and its social formation in the article "Racial Formations" by Michael Omi and Howard Winant challenge our socially accepted concepts of "race", race being defined as the social categorization of black, white, yellow and red people. Race plays a pivotal role in society because it has a overwhelming influence on an individuals life choices and outcome. Society has historically placed positive and negative stereotypes on different races. Whites are presented and in many cases perceived as the standard of civility and beauty. People of color are conveniently grouped together as disingenuous to American patriotism in addition to being subjected to perpetuating stereotypes such as being lazy, criminal, and deviant to general society.
People of color are now protected under the law; they are entitled to equal opportunities with the white. On the other hand, there are people who appear to overdo their observance of equality. When they are supposed to disregard color in their selection practices, they tend to place applicants from ethnic minorities in their preferred list, which of course is not fair for the white. Yes, it does bring good results, but it is not ethical. Affirmative action in itself is racist.
Therefore it has become a source of division within the working class that only works in favor for the bourgeois and capitalist. On the there hand, Ethnicity has a wider concept than race but still can be useful and counterproductive. To begin, one obvious reason why ethnicity is useful because it allows for other cultures, customs to express themselves. Secondly, promotes multiculturalism and diversity. Be that as it may, it is counterproductive and overlapping because the systematic distinctions within ethnicity lead to equality and inequality in society Therefore resulting to racial supremacy and privilege.
White supremacy is a system that is used to maintain White dominance and superiority over minorities. Although racism and White Supremacy are not as obvious as it used to be, there has been a new development of racism, which maneuvers as the notions of colorblindness, assimilation, and the model minority. Colorblindness is a racial ideology that diminishes discrimination through not seeing the color of skin. However, this causes racial bias because there is still White privilege in society. In other words, we already adopt a world of Whiteness as it is an unnoticed notion of orientation as it shapes relationships of power, self identity and objects in space.
The category of class is necessary to an accurate account of modern societies and ethnicity too is generally assumed to be more simply a piece of ideology. But race, it seems, is nothing but a dangerous product of prejudice or, at least, of false thinking. According to Simon During, “Racism is, at its heart, the belief that the human species is constituted
Modern society’s understanding of race and racism developed as a socially constructed concept. Race arises as a form of self-identity that must be appropriated or denied. It is a type of personal responsibility because it becomes the individual’s decision to accept or reject the identity that society deems adequate. Similarly, racism is another socially constructed concept. However, racism differs because it is a societal invention of social identification.
Racism is related to concepts such as prejudice, but it is a more encompassing term. In White Racism, authors Feagin, Vera and Batur explain, “Racism is more than a matter of individual prejudice and scattered episodes of discrimination” (p. ix); it involves a widely accepted racist philosophy and it involves power to deny other racial groups the dignity or opportunities that are available to one’s own group through a socially organized set of ideas and attitudes. Transformation of Prejudice The idea that prejudice in America has diminished seems idyllic. According to Whitley and Kite, prejudice continues through a more subtle form. They show this in a study of bogus pipeline research.
The distinction we make between different races is not naturally given but is socially defined”. The idea that biological concepts of race can be used to explain personality traits is called racialization and spirals to become hostilities, problems and negative race relations amongst the community. As such, studying the concept of race is central in understanding contemporary society and analysing how a society behaves. “The idea of race underwent a radical shift in the mid-nineteenth century. Race ceased to describe a difference that was traced to the influence of environmental or climatic factors and came to refer to a difference that was understood to be fundamentally biological” .