These differences can be taken in the wrong manner and can lead to social problems especially if these distinctions are thought of as ethnic differences. In Gregg M. Bloche’s article. “Race, Money and Medicine”, he states that we should erase racial categories from medicine but only use them if they are beneficial for the patient’s health. Peter Clark, author of “Prejudice and the Medical Profession: A Five Year Update”, explains that racial categories should be understood because understand these different can be beneficial. Lynne D. Richardson and Marlaina Norris, authors of “Access to Health and Health Care: How Race and Ethnicity Matter”, also believe that these differences can be beneficial but want to improve the health are because they know a majority of minorities do not receive proper health care and treatment.
Racism and irrational prejudices operate in a vicious circle. Racism is among the worst of ingrained prejudices that characterize sinful human beings. Racism's ultimate goal, according to Fredrickson, is to establish a permanent hierarchal order that, "has two components: difference and power." Dictionaries are not much help in understanding what is meant by the word. They usually define it as the belief that one's own ethnic stock is superior to others, or as the belief that culture and behavior are rooted in race.
Even though we realize health disparities are more noticeable depending on the region of country where they live in. Racism is one of the most popular factors, for why it’s known that people struggle with health. From the research I made I was able to understand many ways on how racism is portrayed through different elements in the world. According to the article of Black-White Differences in Health and Mortality by Robert
Racial prejudice has a rich history of racial stereotypes. For ,example white American people would stereotype African American people by stating that they are lazy ,violence –prone and welfare –dependent, then they say the Hispanics people are poor, unintelligent and unpatriotic (smith ,1991). When people decides to stereotype other groups of people it hurts that community of people and it puts limitations on them. Sociological research on prejudices is based largely on explicit attitudes that has been measured through large-scales surveys (Fazio & Olson, 2003). Psychologist, have increasing measures prejudice forms of racial bias, and influences cognition affects and behaviors (Greenwald, 1995).
Within the United States background, whites have always been at the top, blacks at the bottom, and other ethnicities amid. The socioeconomic disadvantage of African American people in the United States is the outcome of an extensive history of institutional racism and discrimination that has produced the current levels of detriment. The framework of racism has enhanced the understanding of racial inequalities in health. By racism, an ideology of inferiority that is used to justify unequal treatment (discrimination) of members of groups defined as inferior, by both individuals and societal institutions. This idea of inferiority has led to the development of negative attitudes and beliefs towards raci... ... middle of paper ... ...ith financial stability a person is less likely to be stressed and also less likely to develop symptoms of depression caused by stress.
Racial jokes and ethnic slurs are obvious examples of racial discrimination. These comments not only leave the victim feeling helpless and fearful, but they have a negative impact on worker productivity and economic performance (Dimensions of Racism). Other examples of these controversial subjects are stereotyping and prejudice. Stereotype means, "set image." Stereotyping refers to forming an instant or fixed picture of a group of people.
(Harrell, 2000, p. 43.) The importance of understanding ethnicity and by extension, racism is unequivocally important in rectifying inequality in society. Differences between racial groups and degrees of education, crime and deviance and further issues pertaining to gender as well as domestic violence are potentially avoidable with further research into racial biases. Racial inequalities are a persistent and pervasive aspect of society in general and higher education in particular (Bonilla-Silva, 2013; Jayakumar & Museus,
In a secondary article that Maeve Wallace, member of the Division of Intramural Population Health Research, wrote, she states that there are several types of racism and one of the most common ones is structural racism, “defined as the exclusion of racial minorities from resources and opportunities (e.g., wealth, housing, education), effectively creating a health disadvantage” (Wallace 3). Simple things as denying a person the right to a better education or a better home in compare to other people can affect the victim in a health manner. The idea of being inferior to someone else can be terrifying for some. This contributes to the depressive emotion they already feel about being attacked by racists. The only way racism will stop affecting people’s health is by reducing the number of persons who are racist, but that can be a long term solution and sometimes can be seen as an impossible solution to the problem.
Racial tensions, in the form of prejudice and discrimination certainly contribute to the obvious health disparities experienced by African-Americans. “Health disparities refer to the gaps of quality of health and health care across racial and ethnic groups” (Wikipedia, 2014). Results from a 2003 Health Interview Survey indicated that “African-Americans and Hispanics were the most likely to report the feeling of being discriminated against when seeking health care” (Sorkin, Ngo-Metzger, & DeAlba, 2010). The perception of discrimination affects the way many patients make decisions about their medical care from adherence to medication regimens to follow-up and treatment recommendations. The increased risk of disease, as well as disability and premature death is well documented within the black community.
He explains: “I understood that it was not discouragement, or fear, or search for a larger field of action and opportunity, that was driving me out of the Negro race. I knew that it was shame, unbearable shame. Shame at being identified with a people that could with impunity be treated worse than animals.” Internalized Racism Makes you see yourself in a different light. It defines your social interaction and your burry standards. To live up to Western beauty standards, ethnic minorities suffering from internalized racism may attempt to alter their