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Racism is increasingly seen as a potent cause towards the health of ethnic minorities. Increased interest in this issue has led a growing number of researchers to investigate the correlation of racism and health outcomes. Ethnicity, a socially constructed concept, sees individuals with a common background or culture belonging to a particular group. This results in individuals using ethnicity to represent themselves in relation to others, especially in the presence of other ethnic individuals. However, racism arises when external gestures are made from individuals who show superiority and preference for their own cultural background, due to biological descent. Racism is a problem faced by many ethnic minority groups, resulting in inequalities that lead towards negative health outcomes.

Previous research on the health of Aboriginal Australians and the New Zealand Maori have shown that racist discrimination and self-reports of racism are detrimental towards the health of minority individuals. Nazroo (2003) suggested that racism caused social and economic disparities among the health of ethnic people. Racism, viewed from a structuralist explanation, sees poor health situated outside individual control, placing greater stress on social and cultural factors (Julian, 2009). The Weberian and feminist perspective is a particular view that stems from this approach. It is a complex interrelationship between class and ethnicity, specifically affecting the experience of racism among minority groups (Julian, 2009). This gives reason that agency, the ability to have control over your life, is a contributing factor towards reports of racial discrimination as it is not controlled by the individual (Germov, 2009). An ethnic identity is considered...

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...e treatment strategies (Stronks et al., 2013). Therefore, improvements in the accessibility of health care services or community groups are essential in the growth of Indigenous health in many high-income countries.

In conclusion, racism is a fundamental cause towards the health of ethnic minority groups around the world. Previous studies have demonstrated that individual self-reports of racial experience is strongly linked to negative health outcomes. This gives reason for researchers to keep investigating the role of racism in health. However, it is not just the role of governments to resolve these issues as racism is deeply rooted in societal culture; individuals need to know how racism affects health. Therefore, major improvements are still needed in society to allow ethnic minorities to feel associated with the wider community without racial discrimination.
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