Racial and Ethnic Biases in Providing Health Care in New Zealand

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The country of New Zealand is located in the southern hemisphere, 7787 nautical miles from the United States and yet its original inhabitants face the same discrimination as the Native American people of the United States. New Zealand prescribes to the United Nations and is subject to the same Human Rights rules as others who currently consider themselves part of the United Nations. Before European colonization, the Maori people were the original inhabitants of New Zealand. Similarly to the United States, Europeans began land grabs and relocations against the Maori. Treaty of Waitangi, which was signed in 1840, guaranteed that the Maori were given specific protections and land grants. The treaty has constrained European political parties in New Zealand from controlling all aspects of society and acts a minimal buffer against a caste system that has been constructed under the Governmental policies. The treaty has allowed for the rule of the Maori people to remain with the tribal leaders (Simmons, Mafile'o, Webster, Jakobs, Thomas, “The Challenge of …in Anti-Racist Practice”, p. 367, 2008). Conversely, New Zealand is seen as a majority European culture which holds 71.2% of the population, second is the native Maori at 14.1% and third is Asian at 11.3%, Pacific peoples, Middle Eastern, Latin American and African round out the remaining approximately 6% ("Australia-Oceania :: New Zealand", 2014). Three-fourths of the population is Pakeha, the social construct can be seen through the lens of the white male patriarchal society. Continued attempts to minimize and invalidate the rights of the Maori people. According to Kirkwood, Liu & Weatherall (2005), continuity of identity of the Maori people is an absolute requirement in or... ... middle of paper ... ...th Care Use in New Zealand: Results From the 2006/07 New Zealand Health Survey. American Journal Of Public Health, 102(5), 1012-1019. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2011.300626 Kirkwood, S., Liu, J. H., & Weatherall, A. (2005). Challenging the Standard Story of indigenous rights in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Journal Of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 15(6), 493-505. doi:10.1002/casp.837 Loto, R., Hodgetts, D., Chamberlain, K., Nikora, L., Karapu, R., & Barnett, A. (2006). Pasifika in the news: the portrayal of Pacific peoples in the New Zealand press. Journal Of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 16(2), 100-118. doi:10.1002/casp.848 Simmons, H., Mafile'o, T., Webster, J., Jakobs, J., & Thomas, C. (2008). He Wero: The Challenge of Putting Your Body on the Line: Teaching and Learning in Anti-Racist Practice. Social Work Education, 27(4), 366-379. doi:10.1080/02615470701380154

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