The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness is a book by Michelle Alexander, a civil rights litigator and legal scholar. The book discusses race-related issues specific to African-American males and mass incarceration in the United States. Michelle Alexander (2010) argues that despite the old Jim Crow is death, does not necessarily means the end of racial caste (p.21). In her book “The New Jim Crow”, Alexander describes a set of practices and social discourses that serve to maintain African American people controlled by institutions. In this book her analyses is centered in examining the mass incarceration phenomenon in recent years.
It also damaged the economic status of rich whites because they now were required to pay individuals for the labor that they did. This brings up the question of why individuals could be exploited in the first place? Before the Reconstruction Era, rich whites were able to violate the rights of blacks by no classifying them as humans. With this classification, blacks were not protected by the Constitution because they were not considered “men” and the constitution clearly states, “all men are ... ... middle of paper ... ...tecting their sons from harsh police treatment. Blacks tend to forget that the War on Drugs has devastated other families in their communities and silences families due to the fear of humiliation.
Instead of being racist, America uses its criminal justice system to label people of color "criminals.” While some races use drugs at similar rates, there is still a disparity in jails: they are mostly filled with people of color. The New Jim Crow makes it possible that the African Americans labeled as criminals lose basic rights, and consequentially, the whites maintain superiority over the blacks. Outside of prison, free prisone... ... middle of paper ... ...under the weight of logical fallacies and lack of research. In conclusion, Michelle Alexander depicts the grim reality for many young African American men in the era of mass incarceration and exposes the truth of racial injustice in the system of mass incarceration. She reveals how race plays an important role in the American Justice System and mass incarceration.
In the Wall Street Journal, leadership responsibility is generally deflected to the black communities themselves, evoking a “do it yourself” mentality. The implications of this line of thought are huge because they excuse Americans at large from confronting the inequalities they have created in society, designating the violence in the riots as a consequence of factors relevant only to poor black communities. In “Campaign 92” John Buchanan is quoted saying that he strongly apposes social programs and thinks that they actually hinder impoverished communities’ ability to improve their own situation. By downplaying the power of the government, opinions like this one take pressure off politicians to lead reform. Other articles such as “The Los Angeles Riots --- Who Speaks for Blacks?” show a subtle continuation of these themes, though through a more liberal lens.
The issue of mass incarceration sparked conversation about racial disparities within the prison system. Following the abolishment of Jim Crow, legal racial segregation in the United States appeared dead. According to civil rights advocate Michelle Alexander this is not the case; racial segregation appears dead, but mass incarceration perpetuates a racial caste system that preserves this outdated practice. Alexander’s book, The New Jim Crow argues that politicians used implicit language to ignite a racially charged War on Drugs to legally allow segregation. Alexander’s argument about politicians’ policies on crime have a silent but understood meaning about race.
Even those who were highly educated and skilled were being refused a job. Living in a black neighborhood was a like a domino effect. Blacks weren’t allowed to have jobs because they were judged by their skin color, which can lead to them stealing and becoming criminals and eventually poverty occurs in the neighborhood which was highly exaggerated by everyone. The city is complaining of the “Negro problems” while contradicting themselves at the same
This kind of pictures makes people in society that have a child in this activity could influence in their behavior because this boy can be a potential criminals in the future because he doesn’t understand how society is. Baldwin in his article ‘Notes of a Native Son’ would states that the people of Baltimore are justify to protest because they are not treat as human by the society. Baldwin can agree with people of Baltimore to point out that labeled people in society show the inequality the minority experience as the black people. Baldwin could agree with the people of the protest because this kind of humiliation creates on people’s lives hate to others. Baldwin states, “But this did not mean that one could be complacent, for the second idea was of the equal power: that one must never, in one’s own life, accept these injustices as commonplace but must fight them with all one’s strength.
These offenders face many barriers as a result of not being accepted by the general public. Due to the social stigmatization of sex offenders they are turned down for employment, refused housing and their family suffers (Frenzel, Bowen & Spraitz, 2014). Employment is essential to survive in today’s economy. Not many Americans can live off of one income and the difficulties of gaining employment was a major concern among offenders listed on the sex registry. Due to the inability to attain a job these financial stressors are placed on their significant other to work multiple jobs.
This creates my alienation from my world; making me live a life of oppression. You basically become a slave to your world. An example of how the black community is an oppressor to Richard is by the way that they ignore his questions about racial relations between the white men and blacks. This is a perfect example in how the oppressors have managed to oppress the black community, by making themselves be discouraged, and by killing any curiosity to try and overcome the oppression. Richard is discouraged by his own people, because they fear that in a sense, Richard could cause trouble for them if he where to understand what was going on.
These stereotypes can lead to negative opinions and disrespectful behavior toward these people. This type of negative activity towards all migrant workers, or all Mexicans in America is truly a based on ignorance of the subject. As stated in the definition, a stereotype is sometimes true, and thus that is why they exist. The people who participate in these activities give the honest, hardworking immigrants that want only a better quality of life a bad name in our society if you are uneducated on the subject. The type of negative treatment that these immigrants can be subjected to could really damage ones self esteem and self concept.