Segregation brought inequality to many African Americans in this country and thus unable them to contribute to America’s strive for prosperity and power. And so in the mid 1900’s, African Americans decided that it was time to fight against the inequality that was taking place in their day-to-day life. One of the most significant fights against inequality was one certain Supreme Court case that would rid America of its inequality liability. The Supreme Court case, Brown Vs. Board of Education, impacted the United States socially and economically. It also impacted the civil rights movement.
The general contention of the separate institutions created for blacks was that generally they were of inferior quality. Since the early twentieth century, the NAACP pursued avenues of legal change in order to gradually dismantle Jim Crowism. By the middle of the twentieth century it seemed they were making remarkable progress and inching closer and closer to their goal of legally creating an integrated society. In 1949 there was the case o... ... middle of paper ... ...e. New York: Penguin Group, 1999 Kluger, Richard. Simple Justice: The History of Brown V. Board of Education and Black Americas Struggle for Equality.
Around 1876, Jim Crow Laws came into effect and demonstrated a system of segregation which separated the blacks and whites, primarily in public facilit... ... middle of paper ... ...ivil Rights Movement, a large social movement, paved the way for changes in black freedom and how the blacks would be viewed. Many whites grew more hostile towards the African Americans because they had been granted their freedom. People who were once viewed as only a piece of property, now had rights under the law, making them equal to the people who once owned them. The Civil Rights Movement was a fight between both races to see who was the stronger race and if the whites would be able to maintain their power. The whites had everything under control until the blacks began to realize as a citizen, they had rights as well.
The civil rights movement of the 1950s in the United States was the start of a political and social conflict for African-Americans in the United States to gain their full rights in the country, and to have the same equality as white Americans. The civil rights movement was a challenge to segregation, the laws and ordinances that separated blacks and whites. This movement had the goal to end racial segregation against the black American’s of the United States. Many different acts and campaigns of civil resistance represented this movement. African-Americans and whites performed forms of protest and civil disobedience including 'sit-ins', boycotts, marches and other nonviolent activities.
In the 1950’s, black people were protesting for their civil rights, because of the “Plessy vs. Ferguson” case in 1896. In this case, the term “separate but equal” was put into effect. This meant segregation between blacks and whites could happen legally. Due to “Plessy vs. Ferguson” case, the “Jim Crow” laws were firmly cemented by the highest court. These laws called for racial segregation and discrimination throughout the United States, during the late 1800’s through to the 1960’s.
Within this topic I will research organizations that were founded during this time in result of riots and that impacted the advancement of African Americans. The end of Civil War brings emancipation and then reconstruction of the South, which brought many white American fears of equality of the races to reality. This lead to a number of states in the south creating Black Codes, in their fear southern whites used things like interracial marriages, miscegenation to resist new equality laws. This included clauses from the antebellum slave laws, and free northern black’s laws. Later challenged by the fourteenth amendment, that was ratified in 1868 requiring the states to pass laws to all citizens without any form of discrimination.
The Jim Crow South managed to find a loop hole in the constitution and keep freed African Americans under strict regulations, known as the Jim Crow Laws. These laws led to the Plessy versus Ferguson case of 1896 which further sparked the already ignited controversy of the Jim Crow Laws. The laws upheld legal segregation in the South and left a long standing impact among African Americans in the country. The fight for equality led to riots such as the Springfield Race Riot of 1908 in Illinois. Many people such as Ned Cobb and Barbara Johns rose up against the laws in order to claim the right of equality among all African Americans.
There were many court cases in which organizations such as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and private citizens questioned the constitutionality of the dehumanizing practice of 'separate but equal'. The cases were filled on the pretence that segregation was not equal among the races which was a direct violation of the 14 Amendment of the constitution of the United States. After many noteworthy attempts to end segregation, on May 17, 1954 the Supreme Court of the United States of America rendered the Brown vs. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas decision which ruled that ?segregated schools were inherently unequal.? The fight for equality and civil rights had been a long battle fought in America. Although a great victory had been won for minorities in America a greater battle was yet to come regarding the unwillingness of many states such as North Carolina to fail to comply with the Supreme Court ruling.
Under the Jim Crow laws African Americans had different schools, bathrooms, trains, buses and many other things that were separated from the white population. The case, Plessy v. Ferguson went through the U.S. Supreme Court and turned out to make a legal policy “separate but equal” (A Brief History of Jim Crow). The African Americans went on to develop the African American movement to fight for their equality. The Fourteenth Amendment helped them fight for their equal rights by proving they were not being treated with equality which was unconstitutional. The Fourteenth Amendment is for the equal protection of the law for all U.S. born citizens (Kelly).
As an arbitrary example, a company could set a goal to have a workforce composed of 15% Hispanics, 5% African Americans, and so on. Clearly, if an employer cannot meet the goal by solely hiring according to virtue, preferential decisions will become involved (Rodriguez)! There are many reasons why universities and employers would rather hire a minorit... ... middle of paper ... ...ployers and universities to give up the right of virtue in order to integrate and advance minorities? Works Cited Two hundred years ago in America, being born of a certain race or gender predetermined one’s opportunities in life. African Americans were subjected to slavery and discrimination and women had very little liberty.