Race and Juvenile Justice

1456 Words6 Pages
Race and Juvenile Justice addresses the correlation between race, juvenile delinquency, and justice. Through various essays addressing historical backgrounds, part one discusses racial disparities regarding the juvenile delinquency of White, Latino, Black, Asian American, and Native American youth. Part two explores significant issues such as domestic violence, gang involvement, the application of the death penalty to juveniles, disproportionate minority confinement, the due process revolution, and the positive and negative effects of both prevention and intervention. Through this compilation, Everette Penn, Helen Taylor Greene, and Shaun L. Gabbidon attempt to provide answers for the occurrence of racial disparity with regard to juvenile delinquency and solutions as to how to address and prevent the age old problem that continues to plague The United States. Chapter one focuses on white juvenile delinquency. Pamela Preston begins by acknowledging the relevancy of school shootings in the 1990’s, and presents many recent similar incidents involving white male youths as shooters within schools. This phenomenon is the exception to the otherwise decrease in overall self-reported white juvenile delinquency. While self-reported delinquency has dropped, White juvenile arrests have increased. A proposed reason for this is the possible prejudicial response to these particular shootings. Preston then compares juvenile crime arrests occurring within rural, suburban, and urban areas followed by a breakdown of substance abuse statistics. Causes of White delinquency are then explored. As a result, Preston cites the Differential Association Model, Control Theory, and Social Learning Theory; inferring that having a positive attitude toward school, being involved in conventional activities, having involved parents, and having been arrested all contribute to less of a tendency

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