Race, Gender, and Nation in The Color Purple

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Forcefully silenced into submission and subject to continuous abuse by the man, she thought was her father, Celie adopts the private mode of letter writing to express her grievances. Growing up in a southern working class household, Celie is exposed to the full force of sexism in a primarily black society. Addressing her concerns to God, the first letter immediately brings to light the plight of the innocent girl child who is rudely forced to acknowledge her womanhood at the age of fourteen when she is constantly raped and impregnated by her step father. The letters are written in the first person but even though she assumes the “I”, she does not sign the letters as she is perhaps aware that her private life is still dictated by the patriarch of the household. This can also be read as conscious attempt on Walker’s part to suggest that the plight of Celie is the plight of most black women of her age, hence the deliberate omission. The novel opens with the silencing of the girl child, “You better tell nobody but God. It’d kill your mammy” (Walker 8), so that what emerges is the figure of the obedient slave, “the mule of the world…carrying the burden that everyone else refused to carry”(Walker, “In Search Of” 237), who assumes the gender role thrust upon her by a society which seems to sanction abuse. The letters in the first half of the novel, though addressed to God are more of a dialogue with the self. They are open, honest and provide a black woman’s reality where notions of race and sex intersect as oppressive forces in a predominantly patriarchal set up. Her abuse is limited to the domestic space and continues even when she is married to Mr._ who marries her but for convenience and looks her up and down as he would a farm ani... ... middle of paper ... ...ion in The Color Purple”. Critical Inquiry 14.4 (Summer 1988): 831-859. University of Chicago Press. JSTOR. Web. 19 Nov 2011. hooks, bell. Ain’t I A Woman: black women and feminism. Boston MA: South End Press, 1989. Print. --- Talking Back: thinking feminist. thinking black. Boston MA: South End Press, 1989. Print. ---“Reading and Resistance in The Color Purple”. Alice Walker: Critical Perspectives Past and Present. Eds. Henry Louis Gates Jr. and K.A. Appaiah. New York: Amistad, 1993. Print. ---“Writing the Subject: Reading The Color Purple”.454-470. Print. Sellers, Susan. Language and Sexual Difference: Feminist Writing in France. England: Macmillan, 1991. Print. Walker, Alice. In Search of Our Mother’s Gardens. Orlando: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers, 1983. Print. --- The Color Purple. London: Phoenix, 1983. Print.
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