Critical race theory’s key concepts include discourse on notions of essentialism, white privilege, institutional racism, and radical critiques that emphasize the implications of racism in America. CRT poses that the oppression of minorities in America is not by chance but a form of systematic deception illustrated through American bureaucracy. Furthermore, such laws and institutions help to empower the white voice by making it increasingly difficult for minorities to attain justice in a legal system that has racist underpinnings. From CRT, however, emerged critical race feminism, a theory that focused primarily on issues of race, gender and class. Critical race feminism first came to prominence after the contributions set forth by scholars like Mari Matsuda, Regina Austin, Adrien Wing, Kimberlé Crenshaw, and Patricia Williams seeking to redefine feminism through the experiences of colored women.
The critical views of the Feminist perspective can be, that depending on witch type of culture, this excessive power over women can be seen as a positive aspect and that sometimes it is an options to accept this type of control, due to cultural, religion or other type of believes (Thomson, 2006). These three theories are a great support for the understanding of what is behind the Occupational Gendered Segregation. And that through the years women have faced a battle for their equal rights in many senses. As is possible to observe, throughout this essay, the trend is changing. In addition, the gap in the pay it is not closed yet, but it is already possible to see some changes.
This is an important topic because it will help us understand both sides of the pro-feminist and the anti-feminist. It will also help us see how women were viewed in the past and how they are viewed today. Wicked In the story of Wicked the topic of gender plays a significant role in how the readers perceive things. This book not only challenges but also reinforces conventional views and ideas about gender. Galinda is a perfect example of reinforcing those conventional views.
“Towards a New Paradigm in the Ethics of Advertising” is a scholarly essay written by John Alan Cohan. Cohan aims to identify the unethical ways women are portrayed in advertising today. This essay explains common ways that women are exploited in advertising and why is each is hurtful and wrong. Then after outlining the unjust practices in women’s advertising, Cohan call for a “paradigm shift” in advertising, where he claims that ads can still be profitable, without harming women in the process (323). Cohan in writing this essay recognizes that women are being misrepresented and harmed by ads.
With these gender biases and stereotypes in mind, it is easy to see how domestic violence can exist in today's society. More importantly, we begin to understand how these negative messages can effect us personally. Although domestic violence includes sibling abuse, elder abuse, and child abuse, the focus of my essay will be on spousal abuse. Domestic violence has many names such as family violence, battering, wife beating, and domestic abuse. However, as discussed in class, domestic violence is not limited to physical beatings alone.
This theory gives us to think if women and man has total equality in our society. APPLICATION OF THEORY B Now, I would like to apply feminist legal theory to the Bedford case, the case it self shows that there is a need to revise the law that is discriminated and biased towards women. Therefore, we can find various facts in this case that is related the feminist legal theory. First, I can start of by informing how there are unbelievable amounts of academic violence against sex workers in our community and how our political process failed to address constitutional law. As I mentioned before, feminist theorist believe that there is a barrier in gender when it comes to equality in the society, which in this case we can relate it to how these women’s are considered less value and less than human in many ways.
Alexander writes, “I came to see that mass incarceration in the United States had, in fact, emerged as a stunningly comprehensive and well-disguised system of racialized social control that functions in a manner strikingly similar to Jim Crow” (Alexander 8). The author is telling the audience that, after her experiences, she now believes the justice system in America is becoming more closely related to the laws of Jim Crow. This establishes her tone through sharing her believes and opinions about what she is talking about. She uses phrases such as “in my experience” and “I believe” (Alexander 19). These not only contribute to her tone but also to her credibility.
Legal equality for women is in large part due to the Women’s Rights Project’s litigation of the nineteen seventies and the legal genius of Ruth Bader Ginsburg who made the Court scrutinize sex Discrimination cases much more closely. The result is that the Supreme Court must “test policies and practices by asking whether they integrally contribute to the maintenance of an underclass or a deprived position because of gender” (Ginsburg 20).
I found this chapter particularly compelling because this is where the construction of gender identities is examined as well as a critique against the difference and dominant framework. Although this chapter acts only as an introduction to poststructuralist thought, there is valuable information to take from it not only because of its view of language from this particular framework but also because of the critical review of the difference and dominance frameworks. The critique
Carmen Vàzquez’s goal was to show the reader that social reform was the only clear option and her essay accomplishes this coherently and effectively. Through the artful use of careful diction, emotional stories, and persuasive structure, Carmen Vàzquez made her argument very clear. She found that gender roles and the state of homophobia in today’s society was unacceptable, and requested the reader’s cooperation in the struggle to reform society’s views. “Appearances” is an excellent example of an essay with an effective delivery of an argument. This manipulation of language may one day inspire a change in the views of society.