From the late 17th century to the early 19th century, industrialization was occurring in the United States and around Europe. The abundance of raw materials and the ambition of business men caused the industrialization before and after the Civil War. The First Industrial Revolution and Second Industrial Revolution, known as the Technological Revolution, caused the United States to thrive throughout those years because of population increase and all the new products or ideas there was. In the 1900s, the United States became the leading industrial power in the world because of both revolutions; the first revolution led into the second revolution because of the technology and economic changes occurring. The First Industrial Revolution changed agriculture customs and the Second Industrial Revolution caused changes in production techniques, but both helped the United States industrialize and become the most successful country in the world.
How did Europeans push toward such a serious transformation? The answer can be seen in the mid-18th century when dramatic changes started become more prevalent. European states saw significant changes politically and economically during the 18th and 19th centuries. By incorporating new methods of factories and protective tariffs, states prospered very well during this time period. European states also used the previous ideas from the Enlightenment period to reject traditional methods, for new revolutionary ideas that applied to all aspects of society.
Rockefeller (1839-1937): As the founder of the Standard Oil Company and related subsidiaries, John D. Rockefeller became one of the world’s wealthiest men. As one of the Captains of Industry, Rockefeller was one of the primary movers of the trend to bigness for its own sake and as a competitive edge to great profits during the industrialization of America. He exemplified the evolution of character in this age, transforming from a fierce, accumulative competitor to a significant philanthropist later in life. The Knights of Labor: Beginning as a secret society of tailors in 1869, the Knights of Labor grew into a trade group with over 700,000 members in 1886. The group evolved into a public organization dedicated to seeking 8-hour workdays, eliminating child labor, and ensuring equal pay for equal work.
European economic penetration was very often peaceful, but Europeans (and Americans) were also quite willing to force isolationist nations such as China and Japan to throw open their doors to Westerners. Second, millions of Europeans migrated abroad. The pressure of poverty and overpopulation in rural areas encouraged this migration, but once in the United States and Australia, European settlers passed laws to prevent similar mass migration from Asia. A third aspect of Western expansion was that European states established vast political empires, mainly in Africa but also in Asia. This "new imperialism" occurred primarily between 1880 and 1900, when European governments scrambled frantically for territory.
In the long run, industrialization raised the standard of living and overcame the poverty that most Europeans, who lived d... ... middle of paper ... ...ndustrialization spread to the United States then across Europe. The BBC website indicates France, by contrast, was home to some of the finest scientific minds, but had an absolute monarchy which wielded great control over economic and political life. In Britain people believed that through industrial production they could create untold wealth - and the government believed that it was its responsibility to make this happen. In conclusion, the Industrial Revolution had profoundly impacted Europe in the 18th century. The Industrial Revolution also had considerable impact upon the nature of work, people, geography, and technology.
The Napoleonic wars did have a large impact on industrialization in Europe as a result of realizations and actions taken to better their countries after the Napoleonic wars. Although the Industrial Revolution began in Britain during the 1700’s it was boosted in the early 1800’s after the Napoleonic wars because of reform that was needed. Industrialization then started spreading throughout Europe and into North America in the early 1800’s. By the mid-1800’s industrialization was widespread. This was all a result, somewhat indirectly of the Napoleonic wars.
The railroad industry changed the nature of production because it became an important energy source that replaced human and animal power. Due to the important role of the railroads, workers became more productive, items were being shipped more quickly, and resources were becoming available to everyone including the working and middle class and not only the wealthy. The railroads became to be known as one of the biggest leaps of transportation in history. This is because it set up the next fifty years of America’s prosperity. The railroads became extremely popular and useful during the 1800’s to millions of people and other large companies.
At times, understandably, they felt threatened and vulnerable. Already, she had found enemies in neighbours France after their crushing defeat of them in 1870, and this was to prove crucial in the next few years. On other fronts, Germany had large powers Russia and Austria-Hungary as neighbours. It is understandable, therefore, that Germany would want to secure their position. They did this hastily, comprehensively and most importantly, aggressively.
From 1871 to 1890, Germany wanted to preserve her hegemony in Europe by forming a series of peaceful alliances with other powers, one of these powers was Austria-Hungary. Austria-Hungary was established as the Dual Monarchy in 1867. The Dual Monarchy ruled over a large empire consisting of many nationalities, but only the Aust... ... middle of paper ... ... accelerated from 1880 onwards. Colonial rivalries were a cause of the First World War for two main reasons; firstly, colonial rivalries led to strained relations among the European powers. In Africa, all the European powers except Austria and Russia had colonies there.
The railroads had influenced the American economy growth in a huge impact in a way that, it helped in transportation, easy access of raw materials to markets and factories. In addition, in the 1880’s there were 150,000 miles of railway tracks that raised the national economy. Additionally, oil discovery had began in Pennsylvania and had helped runned trains and planes. LastlyLastely for technology, there was also development of airplane which aided in transportation. Technology had