Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research
According to Merriam-Webster, research is defined as careful study done to report new knowledge on a topic. ("Research | Definition of research by merriam-webster," n.d.). Success in the field of Guidance and Counseling is dependent on accurate information. Counselors well versed in pertinent research make a strong impact on the clients. Counselors using research as a guide for intervention have a better understanding of the clients why and also the how to serve the client best.
Distinguishing Qualitative and Quantitative Research
In addition to the title of the articles, “A Qualitative Study of Intensive Filial Intervention Using Child-Parent Relationship Therapy” (Socarras, Smith-Adcock, & Shin, 2015) and “Quantitative Analysis of Long-Term …show more content…
In the article, “A Qualitative Study of Intensive Filial Intervention Using Child-Parent Relationship Therapy” (Socarras, Smith-Adcock, & Shin, 2015) there were a total of nine participants and three researchers. While the researchers were able to alter intervention methods by reviewing the data in a timely manner the results of the research are from a limited perception. Although, quantitative data allows for a large sample with a faster review process the resulting data is limited. Researchers will gather data and have a statistical representation but there is no insight as to why the data resulted the way it did. Quantitative methods do not allow researchers to consider what variables may have influenced research results. The primary disadvantage to quantitative studies is there is no how or why in regards to research results. The primary disadvantage of qualitative studies is the data collection and analysis process is time consuming limiting the scope of
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Research is defined as systematic investigation in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions (OUP, 2014). The biopsychosocial model has already been described.
In this study, researchers took sixty-four adolescent mothers and their infants to participate in a 24-month study. The researchers wanted to test Bowlby’s attachment theory to find out if Bowlby was correct about if unusual parenting escalates the child’s possibility of abstaining psychopathological effects. The participants were moth...
The design differences in qualitative research in comparison to quantitative research plainly seen are these: qualitative research involves words, pictures, or objects; quantitative involves data in the form of numbers and statistics. The researcher uses in-depth interviews in qualitative research to find out how the subjects view their world. In quantitative research the researcher uses precise measurement to predict hypotheses. In qualitative research the researcher changes the environment of the subject and uses these in-depth questionnaires to find differing attitudes about the world we live in. Quantitative can be personal, such as in periodic visits with the researchers to analysis symptoms and record data. Qualitative and quantitative can overlap in the in-dept interview process in quantitative research to record data and test subjects for symptoms. The two designs can overlap but there are finally differences such as numerical data collection and statistics that will always be at odds.
Research is not only a term but a physical activity which is performed so as to get information on a subject matter. Many definitions are put forth for this term by several scholars but however for this paper the most suitable is that by Paul Oliver (2010) who says research is collecting information about a certain subject in a detailed and systematic way to add on to an already established knowledge base and so as be able also to explain whatever the information entails. Several approaches can be taken during the research process but however this paper only explores the qualitative and quantitative approaches.
Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD) is a mental health disorder often present in children that has endured severe early trauma. Children with RAD lacks the ability to connect with other people. Often, children are unstable to form stable relationships and tend to be emotionally detached from their surroundings. There were some inconsistencies in James behavior that made Dr. Perry and Stephanie question his RAD diagnosis. When he was at the residential treatment center, he behaved himself appropriately. He didn’t have any outrageous behavior problems at school. His adoptive parents seemed more worried about their problems and stress rather than James. Dr. Perry and Stephanie grew attached to James fairly quickly. It appeared that James enjoyed their company as well. However, as the therapy came to an end, Stephanie felt distraught that it was ending. She was sadden that James would be leaving her care. If a child has RAD, there should be no attachment or relationship. The child should have no interest in other people, therefore it would be hard to form a relationship with them as well. Since James had formed an attachment to Stephanie and Dr. Perry, they concluded
Prevention and intervention of high stress in children is possible and necessary.There are many suggestions for parents on how to manage this. As mentioned above, the attachment style between the parent and child is crucial in how the child thinks and behaves. According to Dozier and Cicchetti, interventions should concentrate on attachment styles in order “to increase parental sensitivity, and responsiveness to foster more secure parent-child relationships and alter the child’s inner working models” (2003, 2005). This emphasizes the importance of a “secure base” for the child in order to be active in their environment but also feel comfortable and safe that they have someone to fall back on in times of stress or trauma (Book). It is also important to note that the caregiver is more likely to affect the attachment relationship than the child (Goodman, 2007).
A research design refers to the whole research plan namely, aim and objectives of the study, methods of collecting data and analytical techniques used so as to ensure that the data is able to answer the research question (Roberts, Sitas & Greenstein 2003:10-11). There are two types of research design, namely, qualitative and quantitative. It is important to note that research design for qualitative and quantitative is overall the same as both designs originate from an idea they seek to understand phenomena and the world around. However, discrepancies are evident mainly with regards to data collection and also what the research seeks to achieve (Greenstein, Roberts and Sitas, 2003: 14). The objectives of this essay are to discuss key elements of qualitative and quantitative research designs, including the distinction between them. The distinction between these two research designs will also be compared with scientific and non-scientific approaches. Empirical examples illustrating the usefulness of the two designs are also given. This essay will focus on the key characteristics on aspects of data being used and its collection techniques, how it’s used and analysed as discussed by Popper (1989), Ragin (2000), Flyvbjerg (20010, Janesick (2000), De Vaus (2001), Denzin (2000) and Greenstein, Roberts and Sitas (2003).
There is no consensus on the definition of research. It might mean different things to different people and disciplines. For instance, one organization defines research as something that “must define a series of research questions . . . specify a research context for the questions, issues or problems to be addressed . . . specify the research methods . . .” (AHRC). Another says research is “a detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding” (CUP). H...
Chapter four and five in Creswell (2013) helped me realize how important it is to focus on one type of qualitative research. This leads to writing a coherent paper in the approach chosen. It was also interesting to learn that because subjective and objective experiences, phenomenology lies somewhere in between both qualitative and quantitative research.
Whereas, quantitative research is non-interactive as researchers frequently use paper-and pencil to collect data (p.7). Quantitative and qualitative approaches are strongly associated with objectivity (quantitative) and subjectivity (qualitative). Qualitative research is harder, more stressful and more time-consuming than quantitative. In addition Tomal (2010), explains quantitative research is very objective as the researcher is detached from the participants and qualitative researchers on the other hand are much more personally involved with the participants (Tomal, 2010, p.3). The four most popular types of quantitative research are: experimental, causal comparative, correlational, and descriptive and the four types of qualitative research are: historical, ethnography, phenomenology and cultural, and case studies. Understanding the differences between the two types of research methods may not always be clear when an individual first begins learning about each method. It’s best to associate quantitative research with the study of quantities or large groups, whereas qualitative research focuses on quality or more simply smaller groups of data
Health research is grounded in science. It looks at issues that affect not only how health care is developed, but also its affect on the community and society as a whole. Research is a process that can consume a large quantity of time or numerous participants; the process cannot be rushed or the process altered. Doing so could distort the results resulting in false outcomes or having to terminate the project altogether.
Research is systematic way to find out facts and knowledge as Kothari (2006) has analyzed that research is the pursuit of truth with the help of study, observation, comparison and experiment; the search for knowledge through objective and systematic method of finding solutions to a problem. However there are two types of researches one is by Purpose and other is by method. The type by purpose falls into three categorize such as Basic, Applied and Action Research.
Research always starts with a question or a problem. Its purpose is to question through the application of the scientific method. It is a systematic and intensive study directed towards a more complete knowledge of the subject studied. Research is a scientific and systematic search for pertinent information on a specific topic. Research is an art of scientific investigation. According to Clifford woody, “ Research comprises defining and redefining problems, formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions, collecting , organizing and evaluating data, making deductions and reaching conclusions and at last carefully testing the conclusions to determine whether they fit the formulating hypothesis”
Although this does not mean that the term research is not over used and/or used in the wrong context. For example Walliman (2001) states that the term research' is used incorrectly on a regular basis. Examples he uses that highlight incorrect usage of the term include such situations as, collecting facts or information with no clear purpose' (Walliman believes, in order for data to be taken as part of research, it must be aimed towards an objective) and also, reassembling and reordering facts or information without interpretation'.