Healthcare is not necessarily provided when a person becomes sick or loses health but is progressive and should always be provided as a preventive measure. Healthcare system is the organization of people, institutions, and resources to deliver health care services to meet the health needs of the targeted populations. Therefore, we can say that these are systems put in place to meet healthcare needs of a particular population. There are several systems worldwide and in this case, we are going to focus on the US Health care system. Significance of Healthcare Systems Healthcare systems are put in place so that they can meet and satisfy the healthcare needs of a people within a geographical area.
Institute of Medicine (IOM). (2010). The future of nursing: Leading change, advancing health. Retrieved on October 27, 2010 from: http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=12956&page=1 Langer, N. (1999). Gerontologizing health care: A train-the-trainer program for nurses.
We also need information sharing between organizations on what works and what doesn’t in healthcare. Doing this helps eliminate unnecessary or harmful practices. It improves the efficiency in healthcare, the cost-effectiveness, and safety. These quality improvement organizations frequently make it one of their objectives to have a cross sharing of medical information between health care facilities (Donini-Lenhoff, 2011). National Committee for Quality Assurance Accrediting organizations, such as the National Committee for Quality Assuran... ... middle of paper ... ...w what healthcare services are safe and effective.
“Meaningful use” is “using certified technology in EHR implementation to improve quality, safety, efficiency, and reduce health disparities; engage patients and families; improve care coordination; and maintain privacy and security of patient health information” (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, 2013). The federal government has encouraged EHR use in hopes that it will significantly improve patient care. There is the intent that electronic health records will allow any provider access to important patient health information no matter where the patient is, while “creating a comprehensive national electronic health information network that leads to a reduction in the duplication of tests, an improvement in the cost-effectiveness of interventions, and the ability to compile a comprehensive patient history” (McBride, Delaney, Tietze, 2012). While the implementation of EHR’s has good intent, an important question is, “How are the implementation of EHRs having an effect on emergency nursing and patient care?” Benefits of EHR Use in the Emergency Department Nurses are... ... middle of paper ... ...ers to consider long-term benefits. (2012).
“In the USA alone, hospital acquired infections cause about 1.7 million infections and 99,000 deaths per year”(secondary). Nursing diagnosis Hospital acquired infections are spread by numerous routes including contact, intravenous routes, air, water, oral routes, and through surgery. The most common types of infections in hospitals include urinary tract infections (32%), surgical site infections (22%), pneumonia (15%), and bloodstream infections (14%). ( book). The most common microorganisms associated with the types of infections are Esherichila coli, Enterococcus species, Staphylococcus auerus, Coagulase-negative staphylococci, or Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Nursing theories are the support of nursing practice nowadays. Application of nursing theory into practice has significant impact on improving quality of patient care and overall healthcare outcomes. In particular, a practice theory called Plan-Do-Study-Act cycle (PDSA), developed by W. Edwards Deming, can be applied to improve processes in healthcare settings. According to Varkey, Relle, & Resar (2007), this theory “involves trial-and-learning approach in which a hypothesis or suggested solution for improvement is made and testing is carried out on a small scale before any changes are made to the whole system” (p. 736). Healthcare processes need to be constantly evaluated based on evidenced-based-practice for quality improvement and better patient outcomes.
Defining Quality and Patient Safety: Consumers have a different view of what constitutes quality and safety in medical practices (Shi, L. & Singh, D., 2012). Quality in healthcare is defined as the ability to reach desired health outcomes that are consistent with professional information, according to the Institute of Medicine (Shi, L. & Singh, D., 2012). Safety is achieved by the absence of errors and the delivery of efficient care (Menachemi,N., Saunders, C., Chukmaitov, A., Matthews, M., & Brooks, R.C., 2007). Although communities define quality and security differently, both concepts are the responsibility of all participants (Longo, D., Hewitt, J.E., Ge, B., & Shubert, S., 2007). The Importance of Quality and Safety: The ideas of quality and safety are vital in the effort to reduce medication errors in hospital pharmacies.
Retrieved from http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/29/5/933.full Yee, T., Bokus, E., Cross, D., & Samuel, D. (2013). Primary care workforce shortages: nurse practitioner scope-of-practice laws and payment policies. National Institute for Health Care Reform, 13, 1-7.
), Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: a guide to best practice (2nd ed.,) (pp.26-33). Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Page, L. (2006). System marks new method of preventing wrong-site surgery. Mater Manag Health Care, 15, 55–56.