Experimental research is the one type of research that allows psychologists to make causal statements. It is where the researcher changes one or more variables that may have an effect on some other variables (King, 2016). The hypothesis is a specific expectation about what is going to happen in the experiment (King, 2016). In the research, the hypothesis was that women would perceive fat talk to be more socially acceptable than men (Katrevich et al., 2014). The other elements of experimental method are dependent and independent variables. The independent variable (IV) is the cause of the results, and it is changed by the experimenter to find the effects, but the dependent vari...
According to Easterbrook, (2008), “qualitative methods are used typically in research projects that take a human-focused perspective in the design and implementation of the investigation” (p. 828). This paper theme explains the reasoning for a topic’s approach as qualitative research. Additionally, the paper’s theme identifies the research design appropriateness while providing a rationale for not using other research designs. The qualitative research designs include phenomenological, ethnographic, grounded theory and case study. The approach to a research issue depends on the research question and the study’s goal.
Qualitative methodology can be defined as a study that analyzes meanings and themes that the research has either observed or evaluated from a given situation (Jacobsen, 2012). Data is not translated i...
Identify the hypothesis (testable question) that the study was trying to answer and describe the methods of research used in each study.
Qualitative and quantitative methods allow researchers to investigate, explore and inquire the nature of the phenomenon being studied. It is important that the researcher develops a clear understanding of the problem and design a plan to investigate it (Cresswell, 1998, para. 1). There are a variety of research methods; nevertheless, it is important to consider which research method is appropriate for the study. Qualitative research focuses on human experiences while quantitative research relies on numbers, measurements, and testing. Nevertheless, qualitative and quantitative methods use similar approaches to conduct research and collect data. For example, observations and interviews are approaches used in both research designs; however, the approaches are used and viewed otherwise. This will be discussed later in the paper.
The qualitative research method, which is demonstrated by qualifying data and generalizing results from a sample of the population of interest, was used for this study. This method was described in the book Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches by W. Lawrence Neuman. Neuman gave examples of experiment, survey, content analysis, and hypothesis in his book. A qualitative research study implies relationships within the data. The descriptive statistics determine the accuracy of the conclusion. If the data is internally and externally valid and the constructs of the study are valid, the conclusion is probably accurate. Possible conclusions are whether a hypothesis is true or false.
Qualitative research presents academic information I manner that does not utilize numerical analysis of the findings. Research is depicted with non-statistical descriptors and according to (Wood, 2010, p. 56); “one important sense in which the term ‘qualitative’ is used is simply to refer to the use of data which yields a deep and detailed picture of the subject matter”. Analysis of qualitative research requires the reader to examine several aspects in order for the research to deemed high quality. To begin an analysis the reader needs to make sure the information answers the research question and making sure the data is presented accurately and according to how the findings occur throughout the investigation. The
Qualitative research includes methods that allow the investigator to explore a problem for the purpose of collecting unknown data to contribute the scientific theory. Moreover, this approach to research allows the researcher to fully investigate the underpinnings related to the research problem. Data collection for this method of research includes in-depth interviews and observations in natural settings. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to analyze two qualitative research articles and to further refine pertinent areas of my research topic.
In quantitative, the researcher should formulate a research question that is a specific question that he awaits to be answered in the study. After this, he should develop a theoretical or conceptual framework, which can be defined as concepts and theories related to the topic and that is used as a foundation for conducting the research. He should also identify the study assumptions which are things or concepts that are assumed as true by researcher, but that don’t need necessarily to be proved. Then, the researcher must formulate the hypothesis that shows the association ...
Why do we have the mentality of “us v. them?” or as “skinny vs. “heavy?” When someone speaks different languages or looks differently the first thing to do is judge. We as a society need to take step back from that idea and look through Appiahs eyes and embrace on our own differences. By breaking this common reaction toward others, we as a society can come together and make this world a better place. Media is a big market place for judging others. Today the media has a huge impact on persuading others that, their way of thinking is the right way. Which can be viewed that all over the web. One of the main effects the media has is the increasing rate of cyber bullying and privacy issues. Even though the media comes with many positive advantages, there are many downfalls as well which need to be recognized.
Bullying is the act of harming another through various forms of abuse and can occur: verbally, physically, or mentally. Students are a particular group that may experience this often. The focus of this paper is to evaluate an article that sought to determine how students that have a history of being victimized, cope with and manage the effects of bullying. Ramirez (2013) utilized a case study to understand this phenomenon. The evaluation of this article will proceed as follows: a summarization of the research problem, the literature review, research design, data collection process, analysis and interpretation of data, and will provide an evaluation of the ethical and culturally relevant strategies in the study.
Reviewing the previous qualitative studies, the interview has become one of key research approaches (along with field observations and document analysis) for gathering data that is closely conducted by qualitative researchers. (Kvale, 1996; Brinkmann, 2008; Seidman, 2006). As Gubrium & Holstein (2003) suggest that the qualitative interviews are able to assist researchers to investigate the discovery-oriented enquiries and the increased understanding of subjectivities in the researching fields of social science, media, health care, etc.
A laboratory experiment is a research method that can be defined as an experiment that is conducted in a controlled environment. This enables the researcher to control factors that may or may not affect the results of the experiment in an uncontrolled environment. This type of research method is common due to the allowance of alterations to particular sections of their experiment in order to determine what and how their aim is either correct or incorrect. From this they can determine the cause and effect. Cause and effect is the acknowledgment of a relationship between events, or in this case, between results.
In the criminal justice system it is imperative to understand why crime occurs in order to prevent them from happening. Researchers look for the cause of crime and experimental research is considered the best when determining cause and effect relationships. However, causality can never actually be proven only be hypothesized to a certain degree. Experimental research is used a top standard for the evaluation of other research methods as they are able to control the validity of the research both internal and external. Internal validity is the accuracy within the study itself while external validity is the ability to say the outcome is applicable to other groups. There are three main types of experimental research designs classical
In public health, it is important to know how to evaluate the appropriate research methods that best addresses an issue and establish rapport with target communities or populations. To gain knowledge of this, a vignette on a community health clinic and the barriers keeping minorities from seeking healthcare services will be assess. This discussion will allow public health scholars to evaluate an appropriate qualitative research method to address questions raised in the given vignette and determine how they would establish rapport with a target community or population in order to effectively apply the appropriated research method.