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Pythagoras was born around 569 B.C. in Samos, Ionia, and died around 475 B.C. Pythagoras was a Greek philosopher, and mathematician. Pythagoras also developed the Pythagorean brotherhood. This was religious in nature, however it formulated principals that influenced the thoughts of Plato and Aristotle, and contributed to the development of mathematics and Western rational philosophy. Pythagoras not only developed the theorem of A2+B2=C2, but he was also the first to create the music scale of today. Unfortunately none of Pythagoras’s writings from this development time have survived to present day.

In the brotherhood that Pythagoras created, he was the head of the society with an inner circle of followers known as mathematikoi. The mathematikoi lived permanently with the society, had no personal possessions and were vegetarians. They were all taught by Pythagoras himself, and they had strict rules to abide by. Some of his rules ranged from; At its deepest level, reality is mathematical in nature, to that all brothers of the order should observe strict loyalty and ...
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