Putin 's Power Of Democracy

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In Authoritarianism Russia, Vladimir Gel’man discusses how he views government in two simple forms: democracies and non democracies (authoritarianism fitting into the category “nondemocratic”). Vladimir Putin runs a model of electoral authoritarianism using a facade of democracy. Putin manipulates political elites and the masses to achieve maximum power. Gel’man gives readers insight on the ways Putin’s model is both helping him gain power, and hurting him from gaining power. Putin uses electoral authoritarianism to strengthen his power through a facade of democracy by running unfair elections, and by controlling the media. This is allowing him to control the outcome and provide legitimacy of democracy. It is also allowing him to control what the citizens know, altering their view on his government. Within his facade of democracy his power is also being weakened from the limitations put on his power of oppression, the obligation to follow the constitution, dependency on the economy, and his requirement to comply with the elites demands. This is damaging to him because it allows riots and oppositions to form requires him to step down from office and risk his popularity on uncontrollable factors. With the weaknesses overweighing the strengths in the system, Putin could be leading himself to a demise of his regime. The first way electoral authoritarianism maximizes Putin’s power is Russia’s unfair elections. Gel’man reveals that by the end of Putin’s second term, elections were held giving the public a chance to share their vote, but Kremlin had already selected the winner. Gel’man shares with his readers that “Despite the regime 's legitimacy being electoral in nature, voting practices were unfree and unfair, not to mention marked... ... middle of paper ... ... that Putin has no limit on his power (Gel’man 81). He also mentions multiple accounts in which Putin has the power to change the laws and even constitution 's due to the fact of corruption within the elites. Publius placed the idea of checks and balances into american government to stop power-maximization and divide powers equally. In Gel’man’s account of Putin’s electoral authoritarianism it is clear factors such as unfair elections and no power limitation would prevent Publius from calling his model a democracy at all. While using a facade of democracy Putin is able to strengthen his powers through his model of electoral authoritarianism. However, the ways the facade are weakening his power exceeds the strengths. Even though the facade may be his best option in his model of electoral authoritarianism, it could possibly lead to an eventual collapse of his regime.
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