Pompey was in on the deal and he was supposed to take over. Caesar knew that if he entered the city of Rome without his troops he would be killed by Pompey and so he crossed the Rubicon with his troops and attacked Rome. He took over as a dictator for life and gained a lot of power. He was able to run a strong military and even though he was considered only a dictator he wrote laws that actually made him have the same powers as a king. The conspirators saw the problem that had arised and so they planned the murder of Caesar on the Ides of March.
Caesar thus joined the raging civil war between Queen Cleopatra and the nobles who had killed Pompey. Subsequently, after subduing the nobles and placing the Queen on the throne, Creaser marched up to Asia Minor to crush a rebellion. Once he had smashed the rebels Caesar uttered the famous line “Veni, Vidi, Vici”, “I came, I saw, I conquered”. Next, Caesar went to Spain and put down a revolt by the two sons of Pompey. Once he had decimated the brothers, Caesar returned to Rome.
Pompey helped to end the slave revolt of Spartacus in 72 BC. Because of his leadership abilities, Pompey was elected consul in 70 BC. However, he ran into opposition in the senate, especially from Marcus Crassus, and returned to leading the army to more conquests. Pompey was an opportunist, he worked by himself, all the while leading the senate to think that he was working with them. He manipulated the senate to make out that Caesar was dangerous.
Including winning a brutal civil war between him and his once ally, Pompey. As a result, he was thrust into the position of king in Rome in all but title as Rome was still a Republic and only had temporary dictators in time of crisis (Ushistory.org). The senators and other politicians feared for their political careers and the livelihood of the Republic because Caesar was adored by the Roman public so much that they would have made him king. Additionally, the Senators had allied themselves with Pompey to ward off Julius in the civil war. However, they didn’t surrender to
Unfortunately, his betrayal transpired by his senators who felt he had grown too powerful and stabbed him to death. However, Julius Caesar’s connection to the political world, his innate ability as an army general, and his desire to advocate for the rights of his people made him a great leader. Julius Caesar was born into aristocracy. His father was said to be related to the goddess Venus and his mother’s lineage claimed to be that of the first kings. Seeing
Under his own initiative and expense... ... middle of paper ... ...nd, in a historic act of rebellion, crossed the Rubicon river into Rome, officially waging war against the City’s leaders. Caesar successfully defeated Pompey’s rule and, after spending a few years in Egypt and Asia, assumed the role of dictator of Rome. During his reign, Caesar enacted many new statutes, most notably citizenship reform, governmental expansion, and reorganization of the calendar. As Caesar appointed to himself even more dictatorial powers, both his enemies and allies became increasingly disenchanted. A conspiracy formed composed of Senators who planned Caesar’s assassination on the Ides of March 44 BC.
Among the 60 men plotting to murder him, many were senators, which included Marcus Junius Brutus, Decimus Brutus Albinus and Gaius Cassius Longinus. Brutus believed the death of Caesar would bring the return of the old Roman spirit unfortunately, the city was in shock, and people became increasingly more aggressive, because Caesar was popular with the people of Rome. Unfortunately, peace was impossible and the conspirators fled to
However, Caesar, being the smart man that he was, brought his army with him despite the senate’s orders. This led to a civil war where Caesar defeated Pompey. After this, Caesar made himself dictator and the ruler of Rome and all of its territories. In the end when Caesar finally died, the Romans failed to realized that the republic ways of Rome had died with him. Rome was now an Empire.
With Caesar’s growing power the Senate feared that they would soon lose their political relevance. CAESAR CONSOLIDATES POWER Caesar’s power in Rome was growing, and people were afraid he was going to turn Rome into a monarchy. However, Caesar did not want to be known as a king, but he was appointed dictator for life. He gained most of his powers through military victories. He conquered Gaul, and had victories over Pompey the Great.
When he returned this time, the Senate was frightened of him and named him dictator for life. Even though Caesar ruled as an absolute ruler, he made several reforms that led to controversy about whether he was too ambitious and didn’t believe in what was right or a true believer in what was right for the people. All of these questionable decisions led to Caesar’s assassination in 44 B.C.E. He was killed outside of the Senate building by a group of rebels who wanted the republic to rise again. All in all, Julius Caesar was an influential and important person in Ancient Rome.