The Second Great Awakening, the religious revivalist movement of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, ignited not only a religious revolution that transformed the American landscape, but it also developed and cemented the individualistic ideologies that have driven American thought in subsequent generations. At its core, the Second Great Awakening was a religious response to the uncertainty of the period. The nation at the time was redrawing its boundaries westward to accommodate the booming population. The established Protestant denominations of the day, the Congregationalists and Anglicans, had failed to create their much desired religious utopias and discontent in their traditional beliefs set in. Through the means of renewed religious enthusiasm, a movement spread throughout the young nation seeking to reverse the spiritual apathy that had set in many of its Christian adherents.
Deism and Changes in Religious Tolerance in America Religious conscience in America has evolved considerably since the first settlers emigrated here from Europe. Primary settlements were established by Puritans and Pilgrims who believed "their errand into the wilderness [America] was above all else a religious errand, and all institutions - town meeting, school, church, family, law-must faithfully reflect that fact" (Gaustad 61). However, as colonies grew, dissenters emerged to challenge Puritan authority; indeed, many of them left the church to join untraditional religious sects such as "the Ranters, the Seekers, the Quakers, the Antinomians, and the Familists" (Westbrook 26). Debates over softening the stance on tolerance in the church engendered hostility in many religious leaders, priming some officials to take action. Whether it was in direct response to "the liberalizing tendencies beginning to take hold in some [.
Retrieved June 11, 2014, from Department of State website: http://countrystudies.us.united-states/history-136.htm Lambert, F. (2008). The rise of the "religious right". In Religion in American Politics (pp. 184-217). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Lyerly, Cynthia Lynn. Methodism and the Southern Mind, 1770-1810. Religion in America Series. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Noll, Mark A.
The Second Great Awakening had its start in Connecticut in the 1790s and grew to its height in the 1830s to 1840s. Beginning the revolution, the largest denominations were Congregationalists, Anglicans, and Quakers; however, by the early 1800’s, Evangelical, Methodism, and Baptists were on the rise in the nation. During the time of the Awakening in United States history, churches experienced a more complete freedom from governmental control, opening the doors of opportunity to a great spiritual awakening in the American people. This awakening focused on areas of both religious and social issues of the time, which were important to the religious movements and the nation as a whole. The Second Great Awakening was driven by such issues, which included a focus on the increase in “evils” associated with the recent rise of industry and a lack of the political ideals of freedom of choice.
Put Preachers in Jail: The Great Awakening in Connecticut The First Great Awakening in the 1740's sparked a revival of religious ideals all over the world and swept through all the American Colonies. The results of the Great Awakening not only brought about great religious revival within the colonies but also established the need for religious rights. The Great Awakening also started a change in the society’s philosophy into a more individual and independent based mindset directly preparing the country for the Revolutionary War. The areas of the country where the Great Awakening affected strongest were the Connecticut Valley and the colony of Massachusetts. The Connecticut Valley was also the area of most radical revivalism and the start of a rebellious mindset within the colonies.
What role did religion play in the justification and abolition discourses that emerged in the nineteenth century in both the Antebellum South and the Ottoman Empire? Religion played an important role in the discourse used to justify as well as challenge slavery in both the Ottoman Empire and the Antebellum South. These two slave societies deployed Islam and Christianity respectively in the slavery rhetoric that emerged as early as the eighteenth century and continued to reinterpret the scripture overtime to support one side or the other. Abolitionist impulse in America arose from Jefferson’s idea of enlightenment, which called for religious reawakening. Northern Quakers and evangelists pushed for this religious revivalism in hopes of undoing what they termed the “greatest sin ever committed against the will of God”.
Richard J. Carwardine, Evangelicals and Politics in Antebellum America (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993). Eugene D. Genovese, “Religion in the Collapse of the American Union,” in Religion and the American Civil War, ed. Randall M. Miller (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), 43-73. Aamodt, Terrie D., Righteous Armies, Holy Causes: Apocalyptic Imagery and the Civil War. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 2002.
New York: Oxford University Press 7. McLoughlin, William G. (1971) New England Dissent, 1630-1833: The Baptists and the Separation of Church and State. 2 vols. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press