Pulmonary Diseases

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Pulmonary Diseases Any disorder or disease that occurs in the lungs or causes the lungs not to function correctly is referred to as lung disease. The three main types consist of lung tissue diseases, airway diseases, and pulmonary circulation diseases. Lung tissue diseases involve the lung tissue structure. When the tissue becomes inflamed and scarred, the lungs are no longer able to fully expand, which is known as restrictive lung disease. In addition, it also causes the lungs to have more difficulty taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide. An example of lung tissue disease is pulmonary fibrosis, which is sometimes described as a feeling of not being able to take a deep breath. Airway diseases involve the tubes, or airways, that transfer oxygen and other gases in and out of the lungs. Causing an obstruction or narrowing of the airways, these diseases are occasionally described as “trying to breathe out through a straw,” and include asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. Pulmonary circulation diseases are caused by the blood vessels in the lungs becoming scarred, clotted, or inflamed. These diseases influence the lungs’ ability to exchange the oxygen in the air with carbon dioxide in the blood. In addition, the cardiac function may be affected (“Lung Disease,” 2008). Among the many pulmonary disorders are pneumothorax, pneumonia, hemothorax, and infectious mononucleosis/Epstein-Barr virus. Pneumothorax Typically the outer surface of the lung is located next to the inner surface of the chest wall. The pleura, which are thin membranes, cover the lung and chest wall. Pneumothorax, which is also known as a collapsed lung, transpires when the lungs or chest wall leaks air and it then gets into the two membranes, cal... ... middle of paper ... ...89/ch189f.html Lung Disease. (2008, August 29). In MedlinePlus online. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000066.htm Mancini, M. C. (2008, October 23). Hemothorax. Retrieved from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/425518-overview Pneumonia. (2010, April 27). In MedlinePlus online. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000145.htm Pneumothorax. (2008, August 29). Retrieved July 12, 2010, from http://www.intelihealth.com/IH/ihtIH/c/9339/23665.html Pneumothorax. (n.d.). Retrieved July 12, 2010, from http://www.medicinenet.com/pneumothorax/page2.htm Schiffman, G. (n.d.). Pneumonia. Retrieved from http://www.medicinenet.com/pneumonia/article.htm Serebrisky, D. (2009, March 27). Hemothorax: Treatment and medication. Retrieved from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1002107-treatment
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