During the 20th century, the automobile changed American society in many ways. Before the automobile, travel took twice as long and people did not see how they could explore the world outside their home. New ideas were created to simplify lives of Americans and industries boomed creating economic prosperity. After the automobile, new positions became available and gave many Americans the opportunity to make a living. Travel was made easier and faster.
The new roads had to be redesigned and rebuilt to accommodate the growth of the automobiles. Road rules had to be introduced, standardized road signs erected, and methods of controlling traffic. The car enabled travel farther so they wouldn’t have to travel by foot or by a horse. Hotels became more popular and there were more getting built due to more people traveling in there vehicles. At one of the biggest motor vehicle events in 1927 a new car was introduced.
We see it especially prevalent during rush hours. You can ignore it, but n... ... middle of paper ... ...r the pollution they are contributing when driving on the roads. Typically, the environmental benefits of road pricing are, more often than not, regarded as a co-benefit to implementing road pricing (Arnold, 2013, p. 18). The bulk of the benefit to introduce road pricing still remains with generating revenue and reducing congestion. Politically implementing road pricing has been a tough battle, but it is actually believed to change people’s habits.
However, some editors believe that investment in public transit system is an ephemeral issue to save the environment and encourage the demand for using of public transportation. Owen McShane, director of Centre for Resource Management Studies in New Zealand believes that most drivers do respond to increase in gas prices and have another alternative, but the problems is public transport takes longer time to reach final destination. Hence despite the fact they use cars as their main alternative. In addition, McShane argues against investing in rail road networks and emphasizing investment in building more roads and motorways. If more roads are built it can be shared by buses, trucks, vans, cars, taxis, sh... ... middle of paper ... ...ure of Chicago Transit Authority bus and train services.
This causes overuse and congestion. Congestion occurs when the demand for transportation surpasses the supply. Not only does excessive use of the automobile affect congestion and traffic circulation, but it also leads to a decrease... ... middle of paper ... ...s in Prospect Park, and expanded the bicycle network. New York City and the MTA have implemented a new Bus Rapid Transit routes, with more than twenty new lines to link underserved communities. This Rapid Transit system has saved many outer-borough commuters a lot of time and has stimulated the economies of communities the subway does not reach.
People all around the world use cars and trucks to transport themselves and their goods from place to place, so analyzing the auto industry gives insight into hundreds of millions consumers worldwide. Since there are cars in nearly every country, the supply and demand of automobiles greatly increases each year, as people want a faster, more convenient way of travelling. At the same time, emissions from automobiles add to the growing pollution in the environment, which also affects people around the world. Since environmental change and automobile use are directly linked, the environment and climate change, as well as ideas to pursue new regulations, have a strong impact on the auto industry. Based on the case analysis of the auto industry (Highfill, David, et al., 2004), there are many ways in which the auto industry has changed in recent years.
In addition, it would probably relieve congestion in the city centre considerably. This suggestion is likely to please both the public and government as from building more car parks, government also gain as they can collect revenue from ticket prices and also, more car parks means that shoppers have easier access to parking, which means that shops will have more customers. However, building all of these car parks would be, perhaps, too expensive for the government. Firstly, t... ... middle of paper ... ...em into the City, I feel that this is an effective but costly solution to the congestion problem. To conclude, I feel that increasing pedestrianised areas supported by park and ride systems is possibly the best solution to the congestion problem in Chester.
Actually, sustainable development can partly solve the urbanization problems, for it can reduce the impact of the problems such as traffic jam, housing shortage and severe pollution, but it is difficult to completely solve these problems in a short time. Traffic jam Traffic jam is one of the most serious problems of urbanization, almost all the modern cities are facing different levels of traffic jam problems. In general, people can ease the traffic jam and not compromise the quality of life by a policy of sustainable development in two aspects including formulating a more efficient transport pattern and changing the urban construction. For formulating a more efficient transport pattern, there are some specific strategies. Firstly, government can encourage people to pay more attention to public transit.
It feels more like a delay rather than a solution. The world isn’t in the most perfect place but there is such a strong pursuit for modernizing for the sake of “improving life”, when in reality we are biting our own asses. There are plenty of alternatives one can take in to cure the clustering city streets that infest most cities, but the one form of transportation that seems to be most ignored or considered a nuisance is the modern day rickshaw, otherwise known as a trishaw. Rickshaws started out as a wonderful bit of new technology. Wheeler’s article discussing the history of the rickshaw states that it replaced larger chunks of walking or the need to try to buy an animal and ... ... middle of paper ... ...e and balance to work with in order to not get anyone killed or injured by a simple screw up, but it has worked as such a major source of transportation for generations.
The level of car ownership and usage nowadays is unsustainable leading to polluted and unhealthy cities. Each of the mentioned concerns can be considered important to shift toward a more sustainable urban development. Spatial planning main purpose is to find ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at the local, regional and national level. Although major countries, like UK, are directing transport policy initiatives toward usage of sustainable mobility, it is difficult to implement in practice in a society used to travel by car (Hutton, 2013). The existing city form and urban fabric have contributed to increased car usage.