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Public Health in Practice

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1704 words
1704 words
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Section 1: Public Health and Public Health Practices/Investigations Public health is the discipline and skill for preventing diseases and injuries, extending the lifespan and endorsing wellbeing through structured public work, the control of communicable diseases, the union of medical and nursing facilities for the prompt identification and disease prevention, teaching individual health and to make sure a standard of living suitable for the conservation of health (Breslow et al, 2002).. Public health focuses the health of the people completely than the treatment of individuals (Beaglehole et al, 2004). The public health principles are meant for the public and other institutions that have a public health mission. Individuals and institutions that are not within the traditional public health but whom their activities have an impact on the health community find the code useful. The principles are used to recognize the risk causes and demonstrate the association amongst the three aspects that affect the incidence and prevention of disease. These factors are: Host, or the person or population with the disease; Agent, or the disease causing organism; and Environment, or location in which the host and agent interact. Understanding the incidence of disease is not sufficient to address preventive methods. The strategy needs to be comprehensive in three levels. Primary: Goal is to avoid proceedings that can cause result disease/injury, what can be done to avoid the disease/injury before the incident happens. Secondary: Goal is focused at changing the significances of events to avoid or lessen the severity of disease/injury. Tertiary: Aim is to limit long-term damages and disability. Passive strategies require no assistance or actions to th... ... middle of paper ... ...es, pp. 1-66. Jamison, DT 2006, World Bank & Disease Control Priorities Project, Disease control priorities in developing countries, New York: Oxford University Press. Lee, LM, Teutsch, ST, Thacker, SB & St. Louis, ME 2010, Ethics in Public Health Surveillance, Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance, pp.1-22 Nsubuga, P, White, ME, Thacker, SB, Anderson, MA, Blount, SB, Broome, CV, Chiller, TM, Espitia, V, Imtiaz, R, Sosin, D, Stroup, DF, Tauxe, RV, Vijayaraghavan, M & Trostle, M 2006, Public Health Surveillance: A Tool for Targeting and Monitoring Interventions, Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition, pp. 995-1016 Public Health Leadership Society, 2002, Principles of the Ethical Practice of Public Health, version 2.2, pp. 1-16 Smith, P & Hepple, B 2007, Public Health: Ethical Issues, London: Cambridge Publishers ltd.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that public health is the discipline and skill for preventing diseases and injuries, extending the lifespan and endorsing wellbeing through structured public work, the control of communicable diseases, union of medical and nursing facilities for the prompt identification and disease prevention, teaching individual health and to make sure a standard of living suitable for conservation of health.
  • Explains that public health principles are meant for the public and other institutions that have a health mission. they recognize the risk causes and demonstrate the association between the three aspects that affect the incidence and prevention of disease.
  • Opines that public health should address the vital causes of disease and necessities for health, which in turn aims to avoid adverse health consequences.
  • Explains that public health practitioners scuffle to find a middle ground between population health benefits and financial profits or with respect to individuals' autonomy. political matters hinder with good practice.
  • Opines that public health programmes should prioritize the health of vulnerable people and children, and ensure that unfair health inequalities are reduced and all member of the community have access to medical services.
  • Opines that surveillance practitioners should clearly outline the reason for the collection of data and how the data collection activity will prevent disease, injury or premature morality or promote the health of the people.
  • Explains that disclosures of data are governed by strict confidentiality and privacy norms. only non-identifiable surveillance data should be disclosed.
  • Argues that the community and other stakeholders should be notified and engaged before the dissemination of surveillance data.
  • Explains christoffel, t, and gallagher, ss 2005, injury prevention and public health, jones & bartlett.
  • Explains that public health surveillance is the systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of data and timely dispersion of this data to individuals and organizations in charge of controlling and preventing disease and injury.
  • Explains that public health surveillance provides various functions including the provision of factual and scientific database that are useful in guiding interventions. the various stages of public surveillance require surveillance practitioners to thoroughly reflect and review the ethical principles.
  • Explains that public surveillance health system can be applied in different ways, such as targeting interventions and documenting the effects of interventions to the population.
  • Cites baum, nm, gollust, se, and goold, sd, as well as beaglehole, bonita, horton, adams, o & mckee, m, 2004.
  • Cites ivom, dm, teutsch, st, thacker, sb, anderson, ma, broome, cv, chiller, tauxe, rv, vijayaraghavan,
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