Public Health in Armenia

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Project and Health Issue Common health conditions in Armenia are similar to the US and include the common cold, diarrhea, constipation, sinus infections, skin infections, headaches, dental problems, minor injuries, STDs, emotional problems, and alcohol abuse. In Armenia, the most common health issue is cardiovascular disease (54%); followed by cancer (18%); diabetes (6%); communicable, maternal, and perinatal, nutritional deficiencies (5%); injuries (5%); and chronic respiratory disease (4%). In comparison, the top health concerns in the United States are cardiovascular disease (35%); cancer (23%); injuries (7%); chronic respiratory diseases (7%); communicable, maternal, and perinatal, nutritional deficiencies (6%); and diabetes (3%) (WHO, 2013). Obesity leads to higher risk for diabetes, gall bladder disease, hypertension, dyslipidemia, breathlessness, apnea, heart disease, osteoarthritis, gout, some cancers, reproductive hormone abnormalities, impaired fertility, low back pain, and fetal defects during pregnancy. Health and poverty have been found to be relative to one another two-fold; meaning poverty can lead to poor health and poor health can lead to poverty. Many living in poverty tend to use their wages to buy higher caloric foods that usually do not provide the nutrients and vitamins needed by the body which results in obesity. Vulnerable populations include infants and children, childbearing women, older adults, and the poor (Holtz, 2013). Background About the Region Armenia continues to be one of the most ethnically homogeneous countries in Europe. The population includes Armenians 97.9%, Russians 0.5%, Kurds 1.3%, and other 0.3%. The total population is 3,016,000. Armenia has modernized major cities as we... ... middle of paper ... ...nia. Yerevan State Medical University, Department of Hygiene and Ecology, Armenia. Retrieved from www.pitt.edu/~super7/7011-8001/7401.ppt Holtz, C. (2013). Global health care: Issues and policies (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Parse, R.R. (2008). The humanbecoming school of thought in 2050. Nursing Science Quarterly. 20(4). 308-311. Peace Corps. (2013). Armenia. Retrieved from http://armenia.peacecorps.gov/ UN. (2010). United nation world food programme(wfp). Retrieved from http://www.un.org/esa/population/meetings/eighthcoord2009/P16_WFP.pdf UN. (2013). Armenia. Retrieved from www.un.org UNICEF. (2013). Armenia. Retrieved from www.unicef.org U.S. Department of State. (2013). Armenia. Retrieved from http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1141.html WHO. (2013). Armenia. Retrieved from www.who.int

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