Public Health Quarantine

1276 Words6 Pages
Quarantine is the imposed isolations of a person, an animal or even a place. The purpose of quarantine is to keep a potential health hazard from spreading to the rest of the healthy community. Quarantine has been an integral part of the in the United States of America’s public health policy for decades. However, there has been a lot debate on ethics of quarantine policies as of late due to the perceived infringement of human rights. These debates lead United States citizens to question how public health quarantine policies can affect their constitutional right to personal liberties. Policies that have lead policy makers to ask whether or not the United States has the right to isolate one citizens for other citizens health and wellbeing. One…show more content…
Massachusetts was being decided that would give states a precedent for future quarantine. A case that would also be used as a precedent for Mary Mallon’s second quarantine. In the year of 1905 the case of Jacobson v. Massachusetts recognized that the basis of public health law, and its ability to limit constitutional rights, is the use of scientific data and empirical evidence (Ulrich 2016). In laymen’s terms the court upheld the state or federal government has the right to exercise public health policy measures if evidence of danger to the health of others in the community. However although Jacobson v. Massachusetts was specifically about mandatory vaccination the courts it was also stated during the course of this case that it has distinctly recognized the authority of a state to enact quarantine laws and health laws of every description (Haghighatian…show more content…
Nevertheless, in theory the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act should lay these concerns to rest. The Model State Emergency Health Powers Act hits a balance between both disease control and preservation of individual rights (Haghighatian 2014). The Model State Emergency Health Powers Act’s principles and procedures includes the following “(1) using the least restrictive means necessary, such as confining a patient to one’s home; (2) monitoring patients regularly to assess whether continued detention is required; (3) releasing immediately persons who no longer pose a substantial risk to others; (4) providing food, clothing, shelter, and medical care; and (5) respecting cultural and religious beliefs”(Haghighatian 2014 page 26). It is seemly the pe rfect answer to all the ethical debates. However, as mention before not all states follow the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act’s procedures and some only follow parts of the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act

More about Public Health Quarantine

Open Document