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PT1420 Unit 9 Lab Report: Self-Emulsifying Drug Delivery Systems

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The endothermic melting temperature for Ptx, blank S-SEDDS, physical mixture of Ptx/blank S-SEDDS, and Ptx-loaded S-SEDDS was determined by DSC 2920. Samples were scanned from 30 to 250 °C at a rate of 10 °C /min. In all the cases, an empty pan was used as the reference. XRD patterns of Ptx, blank S-SEDDS, physical mixture of Ptx/blank S-SEDDS and Ptx-loaded S-SEDDS were recorded using an X'Pert PRO Multipurpose X-Ray diffractometer equipped with CuKα radiation (40 kV, 20 mA). The 2θ scanning range was varied from 2° to 50°. In Vitro Release Studies The Ptx-loaded S-SEDDS was evaluated for in vitro release using the United States Pharmacopoeia paddle method at 37 ± 0.5 °C at 100 rpm in buffer at pH 1.2 and 6.8. The S-SEDDS was filled in a…show more content…
However, low HLB surfactants may also be an important component of oral lipid-based formulation by behaving as a coupling agent for the high HLB surfactants and the lipophilic solvent components, as well as contributing to solubilization by remaining associated with the lipophilic solvent post-dispersion. Moreover, using a blend of high and low HLB surfactants may also lead to more rapid dispersion and finer emulsion droplet size upon addition to an aqueous phase [36, 48, 49, 51–55]. Thus, in this study, we decided to mix Tween 80 (high HLB value) with Carbitol (low HLB value) to identify the most effective combination emulsifying with three chosen oils. The size of the emulsion droplets decreased as the HLB value of surfactant mixture reached the required HLB (Table 2). In the case of soybean oil, the smallest size was 277 ± 2.49 nm obtained at 20:80 (v/v) ratio of Tween 80:Carbitol). In the cases of ethyl oleate (Tween 80:Carbitol, 90:10, v/v) and IPM (Tween 80:Carbitol, 60:40), the smallest droplet sizes were 2.9 ± 0.170 and 10.5 ± 0.596 nm, respectively. These results show that the combination of Tween 80 and Carbitol had extremely good emulsifying ability, resulting in a fine emulsion in the cases of using ethyl oleate and IPM oil. The results of the visual test (Fig. 1) are parallel to the results of droplet size measurements. The combinations that had a smaller droplet size of 100…show more content…
Fig. 2(A) shows the phase diagrams of IPM, water, and surfactant mixtures at the ratios of 60:40, 65:35, and 70:30 (v/v), respectively. Fig. 2(B) shows the phase diagrams of ethyl oleate, water, and surfactant mixtures at ratios of 90:10, 95:5 and 100:0, respectively. Filled circles mean self-emulsifying points, and black areas represent the self-emulsifying regions. In other area, the compositions showed inverted emulsion, gel-like form, or phase-separation. In general, when the oil content in the oil and surfactant mixtures is ≤30%, the condition of the mixtures changed from water-in-oil emulsion to a clear gel-like form and then to microemulsion. Otherwise, the dispersions showed phase separation, this result was similar to the results previously studied by Guo et al. [16]. Our finding showed that IPM + surfactant mixture (65:35, v/v) and ethyl oleate + surfactant mixture (90:10, v/v) showed the most self-emulsifying regions (Fig. 2). Overall, in contrast to IPM + surfactant mixture (65:35, v/v), ethyl oleate + surfactant mixture (90:10, v/v) showed finer emulsion in larger self-emulsifying range. These results indicate that ethyl oleate and Tween 80:Carbitol (90:10, v/v) were identified as the optimal oil
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