Pt1420 Unit 1 Study Guide

Satisfactory Essays
1. Appellate Court – A court having jurisdiction to review decisions of a trial-level, or other lower court. 2. Appellate Jurisdiction – Jurisdiction to revise or correct the proceedings from a cause, that is already instituted and acted upon. 3. Article I– A paragraph or section of any writing, such as each portion of a will, corporate charter, or different sections of a statute. 4. Article III – Treason, as transmitted to the English language from the Latin through the French, means "giving or delivering up. 5. Bankruptcy Judge – A trial that takes place within the context of a bankruptcy case. 6. Bivens Actions – A claim against federal officials. 7. Concurrent Jurisdiction – A situation in which more than one court has jurisdiction over…show more content…
Original Jurisdiction – A court has the power to review a lower court's decision. 25. Personal Jurisdiction – Refers to the power of a court to enter a binding judgment against a person or other legal entity. 26. Prisoner Petition – A prisoner or other detainee (e.g. institutionalized mental patient) before the court to determine if the person's imprisonment or detention is lawful. 27. Rule of Four – At least four justices must vote to hear the case for it to move on to the docket. 28. Section 1983 – The deprivation of any rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws. 29. Subject Matter Jurisdiction – The question of whether a particular court has the power or competence to decide the kind of controversy that is involved. 30. Stay – Is a ruling by the court in civil and criminal procedure. 31. Trial Court – A court of original jurisdiction where evidence and testimony are first introduced, received, and considered. 32. U.S. Courts of Appeal – The first federal courts designed exclusively to hear cases on appeal from trial courts. 33. U.S. District Courts – That hear federal cases, including bankruptcy cases. 34. U.S. Magistrate Judges – A judicial officer of the district court and is appointed by majority vote of the active district judges of the
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