The bio-psycho-social-spiritual model is very important in the world of Psychopathology. Psychopathology refers to a dysfunction in the mind of an individual (Abercrombie, 2013). The bio-psycho-social-spiritual model covers all the different areas that could factor into a mental disorder. The causes can be any combination of biological, psychological, social, or spiritual factors. The mind is a very complex thing that we, as humans, cannot even begin to comprehend. Often in class, we find ourselves talking about the “fine line”. This line is referring to the very small difference between what society considers “normal” and “not normal”. One quote I like that shows why it is hard to figure out the difference says, “The concept of physical illness …show more content…
This is based off of how a person perceives certain events. One example I found of this was an instance of two children receiving criticism on homework. One child may see criticism as helpful and use it to grow. Another child in the same situation may interpret it as showing limitations in his or her abilities. In the second child’s case, this could cause him or her to lose confidence. The second child while be more likely to develop depression or anxiety growing up because of lack of confidence. The psychological area covers a person’s abilities to cope with …show more content…
A person may feel unforgiven and angry with God. Something could have happened in a person’s life that makes him or her feel unworthy of salvation and forgiveness. The individual may begin to feel like life has no meaning. In class we looked at Psalm 88. The author of this Psalm says, “You have put me in the lowest pit, in the darkest depths. Your wrath lies heavily on me; you have overwhelmed me with all your waves. You have taken from me my closest friends and have made me repulsive to them I am confined and cannot escape; my eyes are dim with grief” (Psalm 88: 6-9 New International Version). This is an example of how a person can blame God for the problems they go through in life. If a person begins to feel abandoned by God, they may fall in to depression because they feel as though life is
The case would be approached with the notion that a persons' way of thinking affects their feelings and actions regarding any particular situation. Approaching the case from this perspective forms the basis for cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The CBT approach allows the individual to develop a positive response to life challenges even though the situation may tend to remain similar. CBT focuses on learning, unlike other psychotherapeutic approaches which rely in abundance on analyzing and exploring individual's relationship with their immediate environment. The therapist’s role in CBT is to guide the patient through a learning process on how to develop and implement new methods of thinking and behaving throughout
As we examine the Eric’s and Dylan’s life before the mass murder, we can see several points within their lives which may have had influenced them to which they felt isolated and victimized by society. In order to properly apply the psychodynamic perspective, we must start as early as we can. We must look at the relationships between the child and parents. We must focus on the psychosexual difficulties each one of them experienced. Then we must see how they coped with these urges as they aged. With so little information provided, it may be difficult to substantially apply Freudian perspectives, but I do see some areas which may have contributed to their world view and behaviors.
What is Multiple Personality Disorder? Why do people get it? How is it treated? Multiple Personality Disorder, also known as Dissociative Identity Disorder, is the state of someone having more than 2 “personalities”. In most diagnosed cases, it’s often found that patients with MPD have had childhood trauma. MPD is treated with therapy, because there really is no treatment for it as of yet. It’s often said that hypnosis is the only treatment for MPD, but that’s not the case. In an article that identifies 12 cognitive errors people make about MPD, it says that “Ross, Norton, and
Mental health is on the rise and many children and young adults do not know where to turn to. It is said that “one in four people will experience mental health problems during their lives (Peate, 2013, p. 374).” Mental health problems can be experienced at any age but are usually predominant in children and young adults. According to the center for disease control and prevention, the definition of mental illness is “disorders generally characterized by dysregulation of mood, thought, and/or behavior, as recognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th edition, of the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV) (“Mental,” 2016).” School nurses and their teams are the most effective because they are able to recognize the problem and help
In chronicling the biopsychosocial issues that are part of our society and which are characteristic of the varied life patterns in our modern day society, we analyze the life of a subject who is female and is a Native American. Born and raised in America, the subject is black and is 44 years of age. She has four siblings who include three brothers and a sister. She has no religious affiliation and has been working for the last twelve years. She is presently a retiree from the Department of Conservation (DOC). Her family history has been analyzed below and includes a peek into her ethnic and racial roots and the close relatives she has had.
In general, mental health has been defined as multifaceted based on six dimensions behavioral, cognitive, socio-political, effective, spiritual and psychological. In addition, mental health comprise of spiritual and emotional resilience that help an individual to continue surviving after sadness, disappointments and pains have occurred(Thomas, 2016). However, mental illness in refers to a mental health problem that involves the changes in
There are also seven psychological perspectives, they are thought to conduce to abnormal behavior. First is sociocultural, the problems reflect the values and beliefs of the culture. Second is behavioral, there is faulty conditioning or modeling. Evolutionary is the third, this is an exaggerated form of an adaptive reaction. Fourth is humanistic, where the personal growth is blocked. Fifth is psychoanalytic and/or psychodynamic, the unresolved or unconscious conflict. Cognitive is sixth, this is faulty thinking. Seventh is biological, this is problems with the brain, genetics, and biochemistry.
Psychology comprises of two words originally used by the ‘Greeks’, ‘psyche’, defining the mind, soul or spirit and lastly ‘logos’ being study. Both words define together the ‘study of the mind’. Psychology perspectives evaluate the normal and abnormal behaviour and how persons’ deal with different concepts of issues and problems. Psychology theories’ are based on ‘common sense’, but its scientific structure, everything needs to be evaluated and tested, therefore, promoting different psychological theories’.
It involves a living human organism, or more precisely, the conditioning of an individual human mind. A social environment or culture may be conducive either to sickness or health, but the quality produced is characteristic only a person. (Joahado, M.,1958) In other words, mental health is a result of not only the thoughts, ideas, and aspects of an individual, but also of the way in which he perceives his environment. Six major approaches to the subject of mental health include: Attitudes of the individual toward himself; b. Degree to which person realizes his potentialities through action; c. Unification of function in the individual’s personality; d. Individual’s degree of independence of social influences; e. How the individual sees the world around him; and f. Ability to take life as it comes and master it. (Jaohado, M. 1958) At least two or more of these major approaches to the subject are highly influenced by the prejudices and biases that result in the production and perpetuation of certain stereotypes that target individuals, especially people of color; for example, the way in which a colored person, such as a Black person, views himself is extremely influenced through constant media perpetuation of black people only being associated with crime and murder and being identified as violent individuals. As a result, this also affects another major approach to mental health, how the individual perceives the world around him, thus
The biological approach looks at the relationship between behaviours and the body's physiological systems, especially the nervous system. Biological psychologists also believe that the chemical processes within the brain have an influence on behaviour. The treatments for the biological approach to psychology include, as previously said drug ...
By its nature, psychodynamic approach recognises that experiences in childhood have an influence throughout our lives without the person being aware of it. It provides an important framework for judging one 's personality and behaviour. For example, the reason for a person committing a murder may be the fact that his violent father has always physically-punished him since childhood. Though, behavioural approach argues most of the human behaviour is mechanical, and one 's personality is simply the product of stimuli and responses. Therefore, the psychodynamic approach acknowledges everyone can suffer mental illnesses and conflicts without their
Sigmund Freud’s Psychodynamic Theory suggests that human behavior and personality is influenced by unconscious motives. In the early 1900s, Freud proposed this theory, stating that the personality consists of the id, the ego, and the superego. Psychodynamic psychologists see behavior as a compromise between the three areas of our psyche. These psychologists study human behavior by looking for deeper meanings in peoples’ thoughts and actions. Today, many of Freud’s ideas have been criticized for being too abstract and objective, but that does not mean that his work is without merit. The Psychodynamic Theory has redefined patient-therapist relationships and our understanding of thought processes and response patterns.