They then specify the safety mitigation requirements that should be implemented. They may propose changes to in-service products or CAD designs to make the system safer. Their main objective, when making proposals, is to lower the accident risk or to eliminate all potential hazards (Son & Gal, 2011). The main obligation of safety managers is to ensure that a completed existing design is safe. Safety managers participate in the design phase of the project to avoid the expensive costs of correc... ... middle of paper ... ...ed to safety.
Cost-cutting affect safety margin and Rasmussen introduced “drift to danger” from the tension between safety and productivity which can be a drift to disaster in hazard companies. Lay offing employees or to a level where low level staff become safety critical or replacing low educated staff with higher qualified staff in order to reduce cost will reduce safety performance. A leader has make sure s/he provides enough physical resources such as tools, equipment and safety material by implementing sufficient quantity of budget. 1.3 Align staff -Team working and
Managing conflict and stress effectively is an essential skill for a supervisor (Rue & Byars, 2010). Improperly handled events or situations that have been ignored will negatively impact the work area in the form of reduced productivity, loss of morale, and could potentially lead to workplace violence (Rue & Byars, 2010). The supervisor needs basic knowledge of the signs and symptoms of conflict and stress (Rue & Byars, 2010). Recognizing warning signs allows the supervisor to proactively take steps to reduce conflict (Babatunde, 2013). In the scenario provided, a great deal of tension has been noted between coworkers involving work and personal issues.
When someone expresses about safety and health risks in the organization or workplace, it dealing with the expectation of injury occurred and the impact on labourers due to the hazards found in the worked area. The probability is a measure by the regularity of accidents occurred in the work place. However, as the likelihood of accidents and the impact of accidents can be controlled, then the risk can be arranged until it will be minimized and acceptable (Governali, 2005). In addition, there are four basic categories words are often used in the administration of occupational safety and health hazard. The term can be classified into five major categories which are the physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic and psychosocial hazards (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1).
In ergonomics, the major concept is the relationship between people, their work and the things they use at their places of work. The relationship and the manner in which these factors depend on each other influence their operations and efficiency. This means that good and well-established relationships enhance the efficiency by increasing speed and making quality of the final result better. Poor relationships between workers and the environment cause the quality of activities to drop and errors may also be experienced in the long run (Shaver and Braun 3). The negative attributes that hinder the development of quality outcomes should therefore be addressed in order to prevent errors that may severely affect the progress of an organization.
I: 3: Causes of workplace accidents There are different attitudes towards the causes of workplace accidents. Accidents are mainly the results of some personal and professional causes. In fact, workers must primarily be aware of the type of risks and the causes of danger that may be found in the workplace. Personal causes can be classified into unsafe behaviors or acts and lack
The root causes of construction accidents is the main thing that need to be highlighted in order to improve the overall safety performance. That knowledge could be utilised to be more conducive working conditions and environments at construction sites. Therefore, a study has been conducted to identify the causes of accident at construction sites. This study was started out by reviewing literature from journals, books, newspaper, and web pages. Then reported accidents cases kept by the Department of Occupational Safety and Health Malaysia (DOSH) were examined to investigate causes of accidents.
Bullying, Avoidance Behavior and Conflicts at Work The purpose of this essay is to examine how the incidence of bullying in the workplace can have a negative impact on conflict resolution issues due to avoidance reactions by the victims. The theory background is based on a research conducted by Djurkovic, McCormack, & Casimir (2005), which related workplace bullying and victims' reactions, divided in three possible categories: assertiveness, avoidance, and seeking formal help. According to the results of this research, the avoidance reaction was the most common revealed (p. 451). Also Ayoko, Callan & Härtel (2003) related bullying and conflict events in the workplace as well as interpersonal relationship problems, their intensity, frequency and duration in the organizational environment. The outcomes of this research were also analyzed by showing that bullying can promote counterproductive behaviors as consequence of “frustration, aggression and humiliation” (p. 285).
Structural functionalist is one of the sociological paradigms that attempt to discuss the discrimination of workers in the workplace. The paradigm mostly concentrates on various behaviors that are exhibited in the workplace and of which may seem uncontrollable simply because they are already formed or they are imported from outside the workplace. In addition, the paradigm is also concerned with the societal or bias conscious and the exogenous forces that tends to connect the existing employer's structures to address the rhetoric that employers should not ever be held responsible for the discrimination that exists in the society. The structural functionalist perspective is the most important among other sociological perspectives since it helps
On the other hand, this study seeks to find how being narcissist affects the narcissist itself and the environment (s) he is at, such as the work environment. More than discovering the enigma of how narcissists can be so charm yet so dry or apathetic this study seeks ways that affects narcissists and coworkers in this case. Assessing the causes of narcissisms and its effects in the work environment will reduce stress in the workplace and therefore, this study may serve as a guide to prevent distress in the workplace. This study may have a great impact in fast-paced work environments, especially where all employees have to deal with customers as well. This study hypothesizes that people who will score high in the Narcissist Scale will be more prompt to have issues when interacting with others, especially co-workers.