The Science of Psychology “Psychology is the scientific study of mind, brain and behaviour. Some of what you do learn may seem like ‘common sense’, or at least familiar to you because you are learning about topics in which you can relate to. However some things you may believe is true, but is incorrect. The way we know this is through the application of scientific methods.” Mark Leary suggests that the subject matter of psychology is much more familiar to most people than is the subject matter of physics or biology; we see behaviour all around us. Psychology would be an odd science of thought and behaviour if it only considered thoughts and behaviours completely foreign to people’s experiences, or if its finding always can counter to most people’s beliefs.
Even if rational and logical proof was given, it will always be provided by the system whom advertised the propaganda first. Statistics can only be supported if it is taken on a small scale, since the bigger the scale the more perplexing it becomes and the more people discard it due to its complexity, or fall for it as a pray and accomplish the aims the publisher put when he/she was publishing it. Statistics that are deceptive or misinterpreted can have undesirable influence on individuals using the data, because being equipped with the wrong information can sway people to form unfair opinions and make wrong choices which can be rather costly in their lives or can create major setbacks.
Especially in regards to topics like science, being able to use my hands and sense of touch greatly increases my understanding and retention of the subject matter. This also means that I feel restricted in a traditional lecture style class. I had noticed this about myself, and over the years have employed several tricks to help keep my focus. One of the most successful one I have experienced is also one that is suggested in the assessment results: extensive note taking. I hadn’t thought to employ tricks in my study habits to help with the trapped feeling, and the suggestions provided were very helpful.
A big problem with the method is that it does not give enough range for the subject. They are restricted within the boundaries of the tick boxes. The researcher can only learn so much. The laboratory experiment gives the experimenter a greater chance to control the conditions and enables you to measure behaviour with greater precision. This method also allows for quantative research and also enables greater control of variables.
Although it can argued that ethical knowledge is only valuable in specific context and although it is easy to obtain it is hard to apply. Ethics revolve around the idea of socio-cultural knowledge which is held to be very valuable in society which includes liberal ideals such as the right to freedom of expression, the right to vote, the value of life, and values of equality. In these situations you would have to distinguish between personal beliefs and shared knowledge. This knowledge isn’t necessarily valued by everyone it would vary based on culture, religion,and past experiences. For example, there are constraints on freedom of expression such as Race Hate Laws, and constraints on equality such as widely expressed misogyny, homophobia etc.
Data Analysis Data Analysis is the process of systematically applying statistical and/or logical techniques to describe and illustrate, condense and recap, and evaluate data (Data Analysis, n.d.). An essential component of ensuring data integrity is the accurate and appropriate analysis of research findings; improper statistical analyses distort scientific findings, mislead casual readers and may negatively influence the public perception of research (Data Analysis, n.d.). By the time you get to the analysis of your data, most of the really difficult work has been done. The purpose of analyzing data is to obtain usable and useful information. The analysis, regardless of whether the data is qualitative or quantitative, may: describe and summarize the data, identify relationships between variables, compare variables, identify the difference between variables, or forecast outcomes (Develop A Research Proposal, n.d.).
Nomothetic approach suggests that this is because everyone is generally the same. Yet intelligence is poor when environment is poor - idiographic explain this as it stress social influence, but nomothetic would ignore this factor. Conclusion 'The choice between them depends not on which one is right, but what we wish to know' David C. Funder p.518 The two approaches are similar in what they would take into account. It is difficult to draw a clear line just on the theoretical approach. Distinction came from research procedures because it clearly demonstrates the disagreement on the origin for both intelligence and personality.
Thin slicing proves that sudden decisions are right compared to those that are planned and calculated. However, thin slicing can limit individuals’ understanding of the surrounding because of inadequate data. Thin slicing benefits human beings and specifically the doctors, scientists and engineers. Nonetheless,
Another issue is that by the time researchers have completed a study using this method the parameters of the sample can change, nullifying research results. Stratified random sampling ensures that a study represents specific groups. However, this method is complex and requires great effort and diligence. Cluster sampling allows researchers to make random selections with a limited population. The drawback to this method is that the clusters must accurately represent the targeted population, and traits of the cluster may not align with needed population
While the mentioned articles and studies may not directly be related, it is reasonable to make a few assumptions about procrastination from each of them that are true for all cases, despite the complexity of this topic. Tice and Baumister’s research article shows solid evidence as to how procrastination may have negative effects on academic performance. Although this may seem to be a reasonable assumption to make, if their research is compared with research done in other articles, this is essentially only surface deep. Recall Hillary Green-Lerman’s article as well. The correlation between the the timeline the student gave themselves to do the assignments definitely had an effect on the score of their grades.