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Psychology: Dreams And Dreaming

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3098 words
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Psychology: Dreams and Dreaming

Dreams, a nightly gift and a part of the natural process of being alive,

are being rediscovered by our publisher. The meaning and value of your dreams

will vary according to what you and your society decide. Our society is

changing. We used to only value dreams in the context of psychotherapy. There

are also a few assumptions about dreams. One is that you are always the final

authority on what the dream means. Others can offer insight, suggestions and

techniques for exploration and expression, but no one knows what the final

meaning and value of the dreams will be for you, except you. Another assumption

is that dreams come in the service of wholeness and health. If you find an

interpretation that does not fit this, perhaps you need to change methods of

interpretation. Dream interpretations that lead you toward self-criticism,

depression or despair are simply wrong and if these conditions persist you may

wish to seek help from others. Finally, there is no such thing as a dream with

one meaning. If you feel stuck on one meaning or feel another person is pushing

one meaning, it is time to reconsider your methods and approach. (Lemley p. 17).

Clinical dream work is done within the context of psychotherapy and

clinical and sleep research have different approaches and goals than peer dream

work. (Koch-Sheras p.16).

A dream is a period of spontaneous brain activity usually lasting from

about 5-40 minutes that occurs during sleep several times a night usually about

90 minute intervals (Barret p.8).

There are also certain types of dreams. There are fantasy, daydream and

waking dreams. There are also lucid dreams, nightmares and night terrors.

There are also certain stages in the dream cycle. In the first stage, your body

temperature drops, your eyes close and your brain waves begin regular alpha

rhythms, indicating a relaxed state. Muscles lose their tension, breathing

becomes more even and your heart rate slows. Second, random images begin to

float through your mind mimicking the dream state. Jolting or involuntary

movements will take place at this time. Third, muscles lose all tightness,

breathing becomes slower, heart rate decreases and blood pressure falls. At

this point, it will take a loud noise or disturbance to wake you up. You are

now fully asleep. Finally, you are in a deep sleep. This is the most

physically rested period of sleep and longest in duration. (Time-Life Books p.

97).

Jubera 2

Whether awake or asleep, one of the brain's most critical functions is

the construction of the model of the environment that we perceive as our

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that there are a few assumptions about dreams. one is that you are always the final.
  • Opines that dreams come in the service of wholeness and health.
  • Explains that there are certain stages in the dream cycle.
  • Opines that it will take a loud noise or disturbance to wake you up.
  • Opines that a minority of lucid dreams are the result of returning to reality.
  • Explains that rem sleep occurs in the second half of the night.
  • Explains that most muscles of the body are paralyzed in rem sleep to prevent us from sleeping.
  • Analyzes how the eeg shows spiky rapid alpha waves in the first stage of sleep.
  • Explains that the theta waves gradually decrease and are mixed on eeg tracing.
  • Explains that after 90 minutes or so of sleep, most of it spent in stage 3-4, the rest of the time was spent sleeping.
  • Explains that slackening of the muscle under the chin is a reliable signal.
  • Narrates how one wakes up sweaty, short of breath, and with a frightening feeling.
  • Opines that some experts say, when a child is indeed powerless, he is at the mercy of the world.
  • Explains that sleepers may rouse with a bloody slumber of stage 3-4.
  • Explains that he may also walk or talk in his sleep.
  • Explains that night terrors are short, lasting only a minute or 2.
  • Opines that a message dream will come in the form of an e-mail.
  • Opines that some people dream only a few times per year, or not at all.
  • Opines that animals do not eat animals.
  • Explains that becoming blind after the age of 7 sees in dreams even after an interval of 20-30
  • Opines that a person who cannot hear often has visions in their dreams.
  • Opines that we have nothing to lose in developing our theory.
  • Opines that there is no such thing as a dream with one meaning.
  • Opines that low level lucidity makes one aware that they are dreaming, but not enough to realize that the people are asleep.
  • Explains that in dreams, you might commit acts you would never do in your waking life, and it is natural to put those acts into the back of your mind rather than confront them.
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