Psychologist always try to find out what leads a person to a certain behaviour. On the nature side of view, it is depicted that behaviour is generally inherited and in our genes, it just sometimes needs a trigger from the environment. To understand certain kinds of behaviour and to help find the causes of patterns of behaviour, gene studies are important. The more one understands about how behaviour develops the more it is likely to prevent outbursts and mental problems and the easier it will get to predict certain types of behaviour. In general, it is believed that most personality traits are inherited and therefore genes passed on by the parents and mostly triggered by environmental factors.
How people progressed and when they have progressed, consecutively shows evidence of chromosomal individualities, and some environmental factors play a part in our personality development. Foundations of Personality Nature verses Nurture It was discovered that genetics tend to be more of a basis of what people execute while making decisions, or living life experiences (Kandler, Bleidorn, Reimann, Angleitner, & Spinath, 2011). However, our upbringing is a component with the influences based on the individual and their learned behaviors (Kandler et al., 2011). This was investigated in a longitudinal study of 338 adult twin pairs, which analyzed and collected data about genomic and upbringing influences (Kandler et al., 2011). They looked at the reasons
Environmental factors interact with genetics to form personality. The biological approach is just one of many that explains why we are the way we are. Some psychologists, such as Carl Jung, Hans Eysenck, and B.F. Skinner developed theories emphasizing the genetic influences on personality. Charles Darwin was the first who introduced that evolution mixed with genetics play a role in the behavior of humans. By looking at our personality with a biological approach, psychologists understand exactly how and why the brain influences the way people act, feel, and think and new treatments are made from studying this approach to psychology.
INTRODUCTION Nature can be referred as the genetic inheritance or the genetic makeup (the information encoded in your genes) that a person inherits from both parents from conception and carries throughout life. Example gender, eye color, heights, risks for certain diseases etc. It can also be the biological inherited tendencies and abilities that people have and which may get revealed later on as they grow up. Nurture on the other hand is the different environmental factors to which a person is subjected from birth to death. It can also relates to the relative importance of an individual’s innate qualities as compared to an individual personal experience in causing individual differences in physical and behavioral traits (Francis Galton- in
Epigenetics is known to describe the interaction between genetics and the environment around us describing the types of phenotypes during development. In present times, epigenetics more specifically relates to cellular modifications that may be heritable, however are unrelated to the DNA sequence changes and can be altered by environmental ... ... middle of paper ... ...ment and distinct lifestyle of one can directly interact with the genome to influence epigenetic change. These changes that we see may be reflected at various stages of a person’s life. With the increasing knowledge that we have today, epigenetics is understood better. New approaches can be thought of in order to be able to treat and diagnose certain human diseases.
Two things to consider when it deals with personality is the interaction of nature and nurture. Nature involves biology and genetics influence. Nurture involves the influences of the environment and the way people are brought up in the world. Personality trait theories are biologically based according to some, other have different opinion. One of the most famous theories come from Sigmund Freud.
Another factor is inheritance of the genomes that turn off specific cells or pass on traits that we may receive from our parents or even grandparents. A great example of epigenetics could be observed in identical twin studies. Seeing their DNA similarity and their change over time, helps explain the factor of environment that plays a huge role in our epigenomes. As twins grow older and experience diverse environments, they start to differ in their genes more so than very young twins. Other factors such as nutrients, chemicals, or even behaviors can increase epigenetic action.
1987). It seems that this type of associative study is an effective way to make inference about selective mechanisms, which could be done by having data on the distribution of gene frequencies among various populations provided the population is endogamous. The study of human population genetics deals with the genetic variation and the processes that influence thesevariation within and among the populations. The changes in the genetic makeup of a population over time, is usually measured in terms of allele frequencies, which is taken as equivalent to evolutionary change. Because of this reason, population genetics provides the groundwork for scientists understanding the evolutionary process, specially microevolution, or changes occurring within one or different populations over a time span.
Personality could result from both one’s life experiences as well as biological indicators in the genetic code. Some believe that personality is made up of genetics because they came from our parents, culture, or our mental state. Behavioral studies show the relationship between heredity and personality. Each cell in the body contains 23 pairs of chromosomes. One chromosome is inherited from your mother and one is inherited
On the other hand, if nurture is more important, then our experiences are likely to be particularly significant, and we may be able to flexibly alter our personalities over time. Evidently, genetics has a greater influence on a person’s personality than environmental factors and cultural influences. A person’s culture is one of the major environmental factors that shape and help in the development of personality. According to personality psychologist, there are numerous researches done to investigate the variations in personality traits within several cultures. Culture refers to all of the beliefs, customs, ideas, behaviours, and traditions of a particular society that are passed through generations.