Psychological Perspective Assignment

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Psychological perspectives assignment

The word psychology comes from the Greek word ‘psyche’ meaning mind, body and spirit. The earliest known ideas in psychology also came from ancient Greece. Thales of Miletus (624-546BC) says the brain plays a vital role. This wasn’t always said, as for a long time the brain was thought to be a big snot gland. Pluto (427-347BC) was said to have debated and believed we are all born knowing everything we know, all our behaviours and knowledge we have when we are born. Unlike Aristotle(384-322BC) who believed we are all born with a ‘tabula rasa’ which is the Greek saying for blank slate, and all our knowledge and behaviours are learnt through are experiences and the environment around us. Aristotle also produced the first psychology text book in 350BC (De anima). This theory was still believed in the 1600’s, john Locke (1632-1704) also believed in the ‘tabula rasa’ theory. In the middle ages (400-1500AD) intellectual life was mostly dominated by Christian theologises who believed the explanation for everything in life and the mind was either an act of god or an act of the devil.
The first psychology laboratory was opened at the University of Leipeg, Germany by William Wundt in 1879. Wundt and his co-worker attempted to carry out investigations through introspection. Introspection is analysing one person’s conscious thoughts and feelings, this is also the way we all self-reflect on a situation. This was done in controlled conditions but had very little ecological validity. They put theories to the test that dated back thousands of years.
…Wundt believed that conscious mental states could be scientifically studied through the systematic manipulation of antecedent variables and analysed by carefu...

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...between the id, superego and the environment, we develop this around the age of 2-3 and thirdly is our SUPER EGO where the decision the EGO makes comes out and is in touch with reality, values and morals. We develop this around the age of 5. With our personalities being structured in this way, we are about to restrain certain thoughts. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) had the first psychodynamic theory. Even though all Freud’s work is based on only 6 case studies, his work has been very diverse, including association between dreams, sleep and the real world. Freud believed that we get pleasures from certain parts of our body in five fixed stages in our development. These are oral, anal, phallic, latent and genital stages.


Works Cited

GROSS, RICHARD (2009), Psychology, the science of mind and behaviour. 5th edition. London: Hodder Arnold.
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