Psychoanalytical Theory

2165 Words9 Pages
Psychoanalytical Theory Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was the first person to initiate the thought of psychoanalysis. According to Friedlander (1947), classical Freudian psychoanalytic explanations of delinquency focus on abnormalities or disturbances in the individual’s emotional development from early childhood. Since then many people have amended his original writings and presently there are numerous versions Freud’s original psychoanalytical theory. Many of these recent versions are similar to the original version with the exception that they are updated to current times. Few new models are extremely different from Freud’s theory. Adler, Mueller, and Laufer (2004) describe the psychoanalytical theory as follows: “In criminology, a theory of criminality that attributes delinquent and criminal behavior to a conscience that is either so overbearing that it arouses excessive feelings of guilt or so weak that it cannot control the individual’s impulses” (p. G-6). Freud stated in the text “The Ego and the Id” (1961) that it was a surprise to find that an increase in the Ucs. sense of guilt can turn people into criminals. But it is undoubtedly a fact. In many criminals, especially youthful ones, it is possible to detect a very powerful sense of guilt which exists before the crime, and is therefore not its result but its motive. It is as if it was a relief to be able to fasten this unconscious sense of guilt on to something real and immediate (p.52). The psychoanalytic mind feels the need for immediate gratification. People of this type have feelings so strong that no matter what the consequences of their actions maybe, they f... ... middle of paper ... ...nce to. References Adler, F., Laufer, W. S., & Mueller, G. O. (2004). Criminology. New York: McGraw-Hill. Akers, R. L. (1999). Criminological theories. Chicago: Roxbury . Alexander, F. & Staub, H. (1931). The criminal, the judge, and the public. New York: Macmillan. Freud, S. (1961). The complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud: The ego and the id. London: Hograth. Freud, S. (1948). Collected papers: Psychoanalysis and the ascertaining of truth in courts of the law. London: Hograth. Friedlander, Kate. (1947). The psychoanalytical approach to juvenile delinquency. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Gibbons, D. C. (1977). Society, crime, and criminal careers. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Samenow, S. E., & Yockelson, S. (1906). The criminal personality. New York: Jason Aronson.
Open Document