Psychoanalytical Theory

Powerful Essays
Psychoanalytical Theory

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was the first person to initiate the thought

of psychoanalysis. According to Friedlander (1947), classical Freudian

psychoanalytic explanations of delinquency focus on abnormalities or

disturbances in the individual’s emotional development from early

childhood. Since then many people have amended his original writings

and presently there are numerous versions Freud’s original

psychoanalytical theory. Many of these recent versions are similar to

the original version with the exception that they are updated to

current times. Few new models are extremely different from Freud’s


Adler, Mueller, and Laufer (2004) describe the psychoanalytical theory

as follows: “In criminology, a theory of criminality that attributes

delinquent and criminal behavior to a conscience that is either so

overbearing that it arouses excessive feelings of guilt or so weak

that it cannot control the individual’s impulses” (p. G-6). Freud

stated in the text “The Ego and the Id” (1961) that

it was a surprise to find that an increase in the Ucs. sense of guilt

can turn people into criminals. But it is undoubtedly a fact. In many

criminals, especially youthful ones, it is possible to detect a very

powerful sense of guilt which exists before the crime, and is

therefore not its result but its motive. It is as if it was a relief

to be able to fasten this unconscious sense of guilt on to something

real and immediate (p.52).

The psychoanalytic mind feels the need for immediate gratification.

People of this type have feelings so strong that no matter what the

consequences of their actions maybe, they f...

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Adler, F., Laufer, W. S., & Mueller, G. O. (2004). Criminology. New

York: McGraw-Hill.

Akers, R. L. (1999). Criminological theories. Chicago: Roxbury .

Alexander, F. & Staub, H. (1931). The criminal, the judge, and the

public. New York: Macmillan.

Freud, S. (1961). The complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud:

The ego and the id. London: Hograth.

Freud, S. (1948). Collected papers: Psychoanalysis and the

ascertaining of truth in courts of the law. London: Hograth.

Friedlander, Kate. (1947). The psychoanalytical approach to juvenile

delinquency. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Gibbons, D. C. (1977). Society, crime, and criminal careers.

Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Samenow, S. E., & Yockelson, S. (1906). The criminal personality. New

York: Jason Aronson.
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