Psychoanalytic And Humanistic Theory Of Personality Theory

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SECTION ONE: #1 What is personality? Are humans born with a personality or does it develop over time through personal experience? Each person has unique characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving that stay consistent over time and across situations. Over the years, psychologists have approached the study of personality in many ways. Some psychologists set out to understand how personality develops, while others set out to understand why there are differences in personality. Humans are complex beings, changing in different situations and with different people, which makes personality too complex to easily be described. However, psychologists focus on studying the internal and external aspects of a person’s character that influence…show more content…
The different viewpoints psychologists have of personality led us to the multiple personality theories we know today. The psychoanalytic perspective is one psychological theory that revolves around the unconscious mind. This perspective emphasizes that personality development is largely unconscious, hidden, and unknown. Sigmund Freud, the most influential figure of the psychoanalytic theory, emphasized that personality develops through unconscious forces, biologically based drives of aggression and sex, and unavoidable conflicts in early childhood. The psychoanalytic theory of personality dictates that behavior stems from the experiences that are left in the unconscious mind. Freud created the…show more content…
First, the psychoanalytic theory presents human nature in a very negative and pessimistic manner whilst the humanistic approach is more optimistic about human nature. Additionally, the psychoanalytic theorists claimed that motivation comes from the wants of the unconscious id trying to discharge tension and gain pleasure. In contrast, the humanist approach claims that personality is developed through one’s motivation to fulfill certain needs. The humanistic approach is different from the psychoanalytic approach because it does not claim that we have no control over our development. Furthermore, humanists believe that the personality will continue to develop until an individual finds their meaning in life, in contrast, Psychoanalytic theorists would suggest that development occurs through stages between infancy and adulthood, one all stages are complete, personality is developed and

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