Although much evidence has been found to support causes of depression we are left questioning the exact cause, whether it be genetic, chemical and hormonal or if its a combination. As well the evidence we do get can be very unclear and leaves us asking more questions. The main goal of research must be to limit the amount of side effect paired with the drugs we are administering to patients. We need to ease the pain rather than add to it. Although someone suffering from depression can receive quality help they are reluctant to admit their issue, and will never receive the easy, proper treatment they need.
Antidepressants Antidepressants should be taken off the market. Depression is simply a condition of the mind. Events that take place in ones life can bring upon a depressive episode. With the variety of people in the world, there comes a variety of ways in which people cope with things. Some people can cope with depression, when in turn, people that are emotionally unstable, cannot.
(Armstrong 15) However, he and those who question the validity of Attention Deficit Disorder are mistaken. Attention Deficit Disorder is in fact a disorder because it is recognized as such in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition), it is treatable through prescription medication and therapy and if left untreated inhibits one from functioning properly in society. Before delving into the ways in which Attention Deficit Disorder matches the criteria established for what a disorder is, it is important to first understand the disorder and have some background information on it. The symptoms of Attention Deficit Disorders (ADD for short) exist on a continuum. Everybody has some of these symptoms some of the time.
This method can be one the methods used to treat Emma’s abnormality, as any moment of her life may be related to her abnormal behaviour. Furthermore, this method would help to meet the possible roots of her mental illness, if there are exact roots are found this would be the main point to start treating Emma and get positive results. However, Drake and Sederer suggest that psychoanalytic method cannot be very useful and the results may not be positive for schizophrenics. The cognitive behaviour therapy is used to treat people who have negative thoughts that have been learnt throughout the years. The aim of this therapy is that patients can see that they are realising and reaching something positive.
Szasz says that any illness is a deviation from a clearly defined norm. So, what is the norm that one can say behavior deviates from? Szasz answers this by saying that it must be answered in terms of legal, ethical, and psychosocial concepts. Yet, a cure for mental illness is found in medicine. Therefore, the definition used and the solution provided do not correlate with each other and it is a foolish way to define mental illness.
An investigation in to the diagnosis and treatment of bipolar disorder will reveal a strong inconsistency in treatment stemming from lack of conclusive knowledge about the disorder. While many doctors suggest antidepressant use, while others will utilize lithium, and mood stabilizers, and in fact this range of treatments is in fact responsible for the lack of holistic understanding of the disorder as a chemo-physiological disease, but also as a separate entity from traditional, or what is often referred to as unipolar depression. According to the Americ... ... middle of paper ... ... 11-20 Nemeroff CB, Evans DL et. al. (2001).
In my opinion the most difficult part of the debate is that nothing is certain until the privileges are actually granted. Psychologists may retain their preference for therapeutic practices, or they may rely on the medical model. People may become wary of another therapist who will impersonally give them a prescription, or they may not even notice the change. We have a resource in psychiatrists, who already have prescription privileges so we can look at what happened to psychiatrists and use it as a guideline. But even then, psychiatry and psychology are separate disciplines and cannot be treated as the same.
While funding for rehabilitation facilities could become an issue, drug users may continue their addiction without proper treatment, and therefore those arrested for drug use should be sent to a rehabilitation center instead of prison. The first step in ending the issue of drug use and abuse in our country is to cure the drug users from their addiction in a safe, controlled manner. As confirmed in an article from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, “Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by compulsive, or uncontrollable, drug seeking and use despite harmful consequences and changes in the brain, which can be long lasting.” (“Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction”) The addiction of drugs is an actual disease, and cannot be brushed off as something that can be stopped at any point in time. Drug addiction is just as serious as any other diagnosed disease and must be cured accordingly. Prison will not benefit those addicted to drugs because it is a disease that must be treated, just as any other illness is.
Thesis Draft Chapter 4- Normativity, Not Normality: Against the Reification of Depressive Symptomatology In this chapter, I apply George Canguelhelm’s critique of positivism to a series of case studies demonstrating the theoretical and practical shortcomings of the chemical imbalance theory as a treatment modality for clinical depression. While the medical model in psychiatry suggests that reversing abnormal brain chemistry by pharmaceuticals corrects depressive symptoms, these case studies explicate Canguelhelm’s critique of the positivist quantity of “normal” as insufficient to account for an objective explanation of depressive pathology. Drawing on his conception of the pathological as a reduction of normativity rather than deviant of statistical normality, I attempt to preserve a holistic concept of depressive symptomatology necessitated by the reification of the chemical imbalance theory in psychiatry. The implications of this perspective as it pertains to the use of psychopharmaceuticals and alternative treatment modalities will be foregrounded and explored in chapter 5. The notion of an individualized chemical imbalance founded in the brain as the explanation of depression, whether it is norepinephrine and serotonin, is a theory which is built on a particular kind of logic that attempts to isolate a causal neurochemical abnormality as giving rise to or generating depressive symptoms.