Types of aggressive behavior Reactive aggression reactive aggressive behavior is unplanned and impulsive and is usually response of feeling of fear and anger. That is physical in nature. Proactive aggression proactive aggressive behavior is planned, calculated and have some motives other than harming someone, including death by using weapons, even bare hand. it is also physical in nature. Verbal aggression verbal aggression including bullying, emotional abuse, threats, yelling and name calling.
This essay will consider the definition of aggression and reflect upon the causes of aggression. It will also focus on the different types of aggression as types of aggressive behaviour fall into different categories: assertion and aggression, before breaking down further into instrumental aggression and hostile aggression. The essay will also focus on the definition of assertion and the key differences between aggression and assertion as well as strategies that coaches and players can use to ensure that aggression remains under control. These similarities and differences will now be discussed with reference to the appropriate literature. Aggression can simply be defined as, “any form of behaviour directed toward the goal of harming or injuring another living being who is motivated to avoid such treatment” (Baron & Richardson, 1994, p.7).
Aggressive Behavior Aggression is any behavior that results in physical or emotional injury to a person or animal, or one that leads to property damage or destruction. Kostenik,et. al, (2014) identified that aggression can either be physical or verbal. Aggression is a behavior characterized by verbal or physical attack, yet it may be appropriate and self-protective or destructive and violent (Perry, 2007). Further, aggression is a spontaneous, impulsive act of anger.
PART I INTRODUCTION It is a fact that a person may harm another person in a form of aggression at some point in time. When people get frustrated, they are expected to be aggressive. And when people do aggressive acts, it may be said that the aggression is brought about by prior frustration. This is the suggestion of the frustration-aggression hypothesis. (Dollard, Doob, Miller, Mowrer, & Sears, 1939).
What distinguishes these behaviors as exhibited by the hostile aggressive student is that they are done with intent to do harm, whether that be physical, emotional, or for revenge and retaliation. Verbal aggression includes defiance, continuous arguing, cut-downs, threats, swearing, bossing, sarcasm, and teasing. Physical aggression can be exhibited as kicking, hitting, fighting, spitting, throwing materials with intent to do harm (either to a person or to objects, i.e., a window) and biting, among others- some of these behaviors could be a result of Tourette's Disorder. Vandalism includes not only destruction or damage to property but theft as well. Causes of hostile-aggressive
Reactive aggression originates from the frustration-aggression theory (Crick & Dodge, 1996), explaining that the obstruction of an important goal will naturally precipitate aggression that is motivated by anger (Smith et al., 2015, 2015). As a defence mechanism, reactive aggression is predominately confrontational and interpersonal, which includes overt behaviours such as verbal and physical attacks (Little, Henrich, Jones & Hawley, 2003). Contrastingly, instrumental
The website Study.com breaks down aggression into a few subcategories. The first subcategory is referred to as proactive aggressive behavior. According to Study.com, “proactive aggressive behaviors are calculated and planned actions that have some motive other than harming someone.” This means that proactive aggressive behaviors express feelings such as anger, frustration, superiority, etc in a pre-calculated manner to release built up tension. An individual's emotional needs motivate them to exert proactive aggressive behaviors. For example, bullying is a form of proactive aggression.
This refers to a set of behaviors used to gain, establish and/ or maintain power over another person via intimidation and fear in a relationship. These relationship may be between a spouse, siblings, parent and child, against the
Aggression is an intentional action aimed at doing harm or causing pain (Aronson…) and it often is classified either as physical or verbal aggression. Physical aggression is an action which will cause physical pain and injury and often include hitting, kicking… using weapons; for verbal aggression is an assault on other’s self-concept and it will likely to cause some inward or mental distress. Under the context of aggression, there are many causes that work together to arouse people’s aggressiveness. Biological influence through neural and chemical, combine with the situation and the target people is facing. Often times a target for aggression matters, for example, men’s aggression is often towards another man (Graham & Wells, 2001a).
Such behavior may take the form of physical attack against people or their possessions, or verbal abuse (Larsen, 2000). There are many types of aggressive behaviors which we must differentiate from. Aggression may be an automatic response to such experiences as pain or danger. In other cases, it is a deliberate action with a definite purpose (Larsen, 2000). Some people act out of hostility to gain money, pleasure, power or prestige.