Through the eras of the Middle Ages, many Protestants demanded to have a personal relationship with God without the influence of the Catholic Church. The Protestants started to think for themselves as a religion, and Martin Luther first paved the way. Martin Luther first visited Wittenberg, Germany, and made a list of complaints that he had with the Catholic Church. A short while after, he published his list of complaints to the door of a German church, and they were called the Ninety-Five Theses. In response, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther in 1521.
Luther felt that these injustuces should be brought to light and dealt with and then the Church should reform. With this idea he wrote The Ninety-five Theses, which were a series of wrongs committed by the church and the things they needed to do to change. This was originally supposed to be simply ideas put up for discussion among his peers in the Church, but very quickly this document spread like a wild fire and set the church a flame. The Ninety-five Theses included the ideas that, “The pope cannot remit any guilt...The dying are freed by death from all penalties...The pope (cannot) grant remission to souls in purgatory...” He basically concluded that the Church did not have all the powers they claimed to have. They lied and cheated for money.
In 1521, Luther was excommunicated by Pope Leo X. Luther was then ordered to appear before a council which demanded that he retract his teachings. Luther intern stated that unless he was inspired to do so by scripture he would not "since it is neither safe nor right to go against conscience." Possible the most important contribution of Luther to society was his translation of the Bible into German. This made it possible for those who were not fluent in Greek to study the Word of God. Luther also wrote another influential work, Small Catechism of 1529, which was also known as the layman's Bible.
Consequently, Luther was excommunicated from the Church for refusing to withdraw his teachings and criticisms of the Church. With the support of German princes, howev... ... middle of paper ... ...ncil declared, could not be achieved by faith alone, but only faith and works together. The Latin Vulgate translation of the Bible was made the only acceptable version of scripture. In addition, the Church hierarchy alone was to decide the interpretation of the Bible. The Council of Trent also put an end to many church abuses that had been practiced for centuries such as the selling of indulgences.
Martin Luther almost single handedly lead the Protestant Reformation with his 95 Theses. A strict father who most likely did not accept “no” as an answer raised Martin Luther. Martin Luther turned out to follow in his footsteps in his fervor to change how a church teaches and practices Christianity. While the pope and the Catholic Church shunned Luther he took that time to create something that would be the foundation for the founding fathers and the empire that the United States would become. After studying the work of Augustine, Luther used his basic ideas to help form how he thought Christianity should be practiced.
By doing this, Luther was challenging the Church’s teachings and views about indulgences. Many people listened to Luther and his explanation as to why the purchase of indulgences was wrong. Other points Luther makes in his 95 Theses are that the Pope has no power over Purgatory and that buying indulgences gives people false hope and a false sense of security. In 1517, he nailed his famous 95 Theses to the doors of the church in Wittenberg, Germany. In the 95 Theses, Luther questions the Church and proposes a debate.
The clergy had low education and many of them didn’t attend their offices. Martin Luther had witnessed this himself, “In 1510 he visited Rome and was shocked to find corruption on high ecclesiastical places” During Luther’s early life he faced a severe inner crisis. When he sinned he looked for comfort in confession and followed the penance, the fasting, prayer and observances that the church directed him. But, he found no peace of mind and worried about his salvation. But reading St. Paul’s letters he came to believe that salvation came though faith in Christ.
Martin Luther and John Calvin as Religious Leaders of the Reformation Martin Luther became an Augustinian Monk in 1505. He spent two years studying Scripture before being ordained as a priest. In 1510, Luther was sent to Rome and was shocked by the spiritual laxity. After finishing his theological doctorate, he became a professor at Wittenberg, in 1515, Luther became the district vicar. Luther began to develop his own theology and in 1516 he felt compelled to protest the dispensation of indulgences.
Luther is outraged by this unjust practice, and he begins to go out and preach the truth and encourage reform by writing 95 Theses. When people read 95 Theses they were amazed, and the Catholic Church became threatened by him as more people started to follow him. The church continually tries to eliminate him and his teachings, but they only spread. Luther captures the struggle of one man vying for justice and reform. Luther exemplifies some of the political aspects present in life during the 16th century.
By age twenty- nine Martin Luther earned a doctorate of theology and began teaching at a university. Shortly after, Martin Luther found himself faced with a discrepancy with the Roman Catholic Church and its beliefs and practices. Martin Luther argued against the sale of indulgences. The sale of indulgence is a theological practice within the Roman Catholic Church that represents the lessening of punishment for sins if the sinner, paid money to the Pope and the money paid went towards the rebuilding of St Peter’s in Rome. In other words, if you had money, you could pay to have your sins forgiven, while funding the building of the St. Peter’s in Rome.