He was the first to give what the king truly wanted: an annulment from Catherine of Aragon. The Reformation Parliament, which met from 1529 to 1536, was summoned to settle the dispute known as the “King’s Great Matter”. Members of this assembly were anti-clerical, as they resented many aspects of the church, from vast amounts of land they owned to the taxes they had to pay to the church. Therefore, it was not hard for Henry to persuade them to side with him, granting him the power to supersede the papacy. First, Parliament enacted the Statute of Praemunire which banned the Pope from having legal or financial power in England without the King’s consent.
This method was no welcomed with a lot of success and so in response to that King Louis XIV led a much more consequential method in an effort to convert more Huguenots to the Catholic Church. He began to impose certain penalties around the Protestant population if they would not recommit their faith away from the reformation that they had committed themselves to. In addition to this Louis ordered the closing of Huguenot schools and establishments that the Protestant people had built to support their society. Throughout all these methods that Louis XIV instituted, he grew increasingly frustrated and agitated with the Huguenots and it was only a matter of time until he resorted to increasingly aggressive methods in forcing the Protestant followers to convert. He ordered military troops to invade and loot numerous establishments and homes that were owned by Protestant followers.
For example, England was one of the first countries dismiss Catholicism. In 1547, Henry VIII asked the Pope permission for a divorce, but was denied. So he decided that the Pope no longer had power in England. This created international chaos in Europe. Protestant countries began fighting Catholic countries.
In 1633, Charles forbade Puritans from publishing or preaching, and in 1637, they tried to bring Scotland under the fold of the English church. The Scots had, for a long time, a Calvinist church based on a flattened hierarchy and the purification of the religion of all non-Biblical practices. The imposition of the English church--which included the English prayerbook, church hierarchy, and rituals and sacraments that were derived from Catholic ceremony--was too much for the Scots to take. So they rebelled. The English Civil War started as a conflict between Parliament and Charles over constitutional issues; it fired its way to its conclusion through the growing religious division in England.
In 1533 the Act in Restraint of Appeals to Rome now recognised as Henry as the supreme head of the Church in England. This also said that Rome had no power to rule over matrimonial cases. This allowed Henry to gain his divorce as Cranmer declared Henry’s marriage with Catherine null and void, and Henry married Anne. This moves England away from the Catholic faith as he has now split with the Rome. A major part of the Catholic Church was that the Pope decided what happened, for example who gained a divorce, and Henry has now split and undermined the Pope.
At the start of the sixteenth century, the Reformation had put an ungracious end to the dependent unification that had prevailed under the Roman Catholic Church. In response to the growing sense of corruption in the church, the reformation began. Many people began opposing views of how Christian practices were expressed, which led to the formation and spread of Protestantism. While the Pope is head of the Catholic Church, Protestantism is a general term that refers to Christianity that is not subject to papal authority. (1.)
Several principles of reasoning incited Martin Luther and his followers to surpass the credence that salvation was only feasible from the pope and instead adopt the radical idea that it was achievable without the pope. The sources delve into the motives as to why Martin Luther detested the Catholic church; the Reformation began because there was an intense split in Catholic society. Protestantism had less importance on the physical presence of a figurehead and less supremacy from the preacher, thus distinct from the pope during the 16th century. With the increase in Protestantism, the Catholic Church shifted and began to weaken. One must deliberate the opinions of Marin Luther to comprehend his reasoning for revolutionizing the doctrine of Catholicism.
Other factors that aided the movement were the invention of printing, the rise of commerce and a middle class, and political conflicts between German princes and the Holy Roman emperor. The Reformation began suddenly when Martin LUTHER posted 95 theses on the church door at Wittenberg on October 31, 1517. Open attack on the doctrines and authority of the church followed and led to Luther's breach with the church (1520), which the Diet of Worms (1521) failed to heal. His doctrine was of justification by faith alone instead of by sacraments, good works, and meditation, and it placed a person in direct communication with God. Luther's insistence on reading the Bible placed on the individual a greater responsibility for his own salvation.
Henry so desperately desired to give England a male heir, but Catherine was not able to provide him with one. Henry soon began to have affairs with many different women and wished to annul his marriage to Catherine in order to marry Anne Boleyn, a decision that would reject papal authority and ultimately initiate the English Reformation. Around the time of Henry’s early reign, Henry was a devout Catholic. It was during this time that Martin Luther posted his Ninety Five Theses, rejecting the practices of the Catholic Church. Henry responded to these Theses by writing a dissertation titled, Assertio Septem Sacramentorum, or the “Defense of the Seven Sacraments,” in 1521.
This action caused various consequences including the Protestant Reformation. Using Machiavelli’s theories, the statement “The Catholic Reformation was outwardly Machiavellian in its response to the Protestant Reformation while the actions of Protestants was implicitly Machiavellian” is valid when viewing Martin Luther, Henry VIII, and the Council of Trent. Martin Luther established in 95 theses against the Catholic Church in reference to indulgences in October 1517. Lutheranism falls under the Protestant Reformation against the church however, any person who left the Catholic Church was known as a protestant. The corruption of the Church began when priests had concubines and the papacy required money.