Although women were granted the right to vote in 1920, Gloria Steinem, a feminist who emerged in the 1970's, addressed the continual gender discrimination that limited women's inherent liberties in the workplace and at home causing a new wave of feminism to develop. Since women were considered inferior to men both physically and intellectually, women refused to accept this inequality so they began to declare their rights. The first wave of feminism in the U.S. began at the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention in New York, which issued a historic declaration of women’s rights (Hearne 2 of 7). Originally, the feminist movement started as a fight for a woman’s right to vote, but then it gained momentum in the late 1800’s during the Progressive Era to include women’s involvement in public affairs and political activism, including the temperance movement, and the labor movement (1 of 7). In 1890 the main occupation of most women was caring for their ... ... middle of paper ... ...ords (99-101 of 111).
The Role Women Played in the Social Reform Movements of the Antebellum Period Comprehending the lives of American women and their roles is fundamental for understanding the entire antebellum period in America. The period 1820 to 1870 in the United States was marked by a forceful and widespread debate on woman's roles and their proper vocation whether this be in the home or outside the home and becoming wage earners.This was, however, still a time in which females were encouraged to be pure, dutiful, domestic and compliant by men and the government. On the other hand, due through this, the evident truth was ignored that was that women’s roles were steadily beginning to reach outside the family and home, their were gaining confidence in themselves and their independence was growing. As female roles changed, the patriarchal and chauvinistic society that was America was beginning to be noticed, women’s rights advocates in particular became aware of the gender inequalities present in their society, chafed under these limits, and established a movement which is still present in America today. Women in early American history were assigned and in some manners even restricted to the domestic sphere of the family, women being the ‘homemaker’ made them clearly inferior to men and were never thought of as being socially equal.
As evidenced in the quote from the book, ‘... women deserved to make their voices heard and, in so doing, create laws that would benefit and protect them,’ the right to vote not only women gave them a chance to make socio-political changes in the country that would empower them, but also gender equality (Dicker 54). Similarly, the second wave also fought for gender equality. The women were fighting against male supremacy that undermined the women’s contribution to the socio-political front. Dicker quotes, ‘... It was and is the conditions women face, its male supremacy we want to change... ... middle of paper ... ...ork places, and in other legal settings.
The women of this class took Marie's ideals and created has come to be known as the feminist movement. These women were educated, and it was obvious to them the rights they were missing, because they saw how the men of their class had acquired these rights with the new found wealth. The goals of the Women's Movement in the 19th century were to get the vote, to archive equality in property rights, access to education, access to jobs and fair pay, divorce, and children's custody. In spite of a few changes women still where a long way from archiving equality at the end of the 19th century, so the women of the 20th century following in the foot step of their feminist ancestors continued the fight for the total realization of all of these goals. Women fight ... ... middle of paper ... ...transformations can be seen as extensions of the goals set in the 19th century.
Gaining woman 's rights and establishing woman suffrage were the obstacles that woman activists of the nineteenth century faced back then. Women 's rights are said to be universal and that means that it concerns all women. Most of the policies and laws in the nineteenth century highlighted the importance of men and their rights. However, women strived and struggled to fight for their rights. There was a similar group of people who fought for their rights who were African Americans.
Religion became a forum where women could feel a sense of empowerment and the Second Great Awakening spoke of everyone being in charge of their own salvation, be that as a male or female. However, before the empowerment of women began, the male hierarchy of America distinguished females as a lower class and the several articles that are to be mentioned will give evidence to the struggle of women. The goal of reform for women is equality between genders and opportunities for women to thrive in America. The push for women’s rights in the late nineteenth century proved to be a definitive factor that women’s referendums were headed in the right direction. Political participation was growing within the female population, which could be credited to a higher education among women.
As such, it can be noted that the struggle of women for equality in American Society is not over. Not as long as women are still stratified out of the upper echelons of society and kept from the decision making processes that take place there can there be real gender equality. However, for that to happen, there must first be equality amongst the gender: women of all races and classes must first see themselves as equals before women as a group can be equal to men. Since the era of the 1960s, during the height of the Civil Rights Movements and also of the Feminist Movement, it appears that great social, political and economic strides have been achieved by women. This second-wave feminism of the 1960s, led by the National Organization of Women (NOW) had made supposedly made great strides for women.
The result was adding the male African American and their rights to vote. Stanton along with other activists tried to introduce a new Amendment, as the 16th Amendment, in order to gain equality despite their sex, race, or color (class discussion and chapter 5 of Ginzberg). Furthermore, Stanton and Anthony formed the NWSA, National Women Suffrage Association, to begin an all-out campaign for women’s enfranchisement. Moreover, Stanton and Anthony went all over the country and gave out speeches about women’s right in order to raise awareness and recruit young abolitionist to join their NWSA. As a result of their hard work we have come this far to be able to vote and control over our bodies and
African Americans, women, and foreign emigrants all faced mistreatment, unfairness, and abuse in the United States from 1825-1850. Abolitionist movements, along with woman’s rights reformations, sought to expand democratic ideals in many aspects. Equality, Life, Liberty, and Justice—all core democratic values—were sought to become better engraved in the United States. The reformation of the Naturalization Law lessened all of these values, by trying to not let foreigners take part, vote, in American politics. Taking all of this into consideration, the statement, “Reform movements in the United States sought to expand democratic ideals” is quite valid.
However, by concentrating on the similitude women have constrained their own identity. Through recognizing differences between genders women have the opportunity to achieve not only greater equality but also create the environment to embrace their unique and exceptional undertaking with humanity. In a quest for equal rights with their male counterparts the feminist movement has opened new opportunities for women in many societies around the world. (Golombisky 90). Feminist’s are pioneering the way for women’s rights, challenging long standing cultural beliefs, creating greater access to education and the political arenas, and initiating change for new ideals.