The sperm with the sex of the parents’ desire is selected and then inserted in the egg for fertilization. InVitro Fertilization is basically the more scientific term for the process of creating test-tube babies. It’s when the sperm and egg are fertilized inside a test tube within a lab, to prevent the child from getting any genetic diseases. Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis is also a process for the same cause; in this particular process embryos are screened and the ones that are likely to carr... ... middle of paper ... ...http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/590919.stm. ---------------------------------------------------------------------  http://www.bionetonline.org/English/Content/db_cont1.htm (full APA style citation in bibliography)  http://www.bionetonline.org/English/Content/db_cont2.htm (full APA style citation in bibliography)  http://www.tecsoc.org/biotech/focusbabies.htm (full APA style citation in bibliography)  http://www.bionetonline.org/English/Content/db_cont4.htm (full APA style citation in bibliography)  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/590919.stm (full APA style citation in bibliography)  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/590919.stm (full APA style citation in bibliography)  http://www.bionetonline.org/English/Content/db_leg1.htm (full APA style citation in bibliography)
They can be born in test tubes that are made to give children organs or other things that is more easily obtained from a baby along with taking out bad genes that can cause diseases such as cancer. Designer babies can also be babies that parents choose certain traits for to make the baby how the parents want them or a dream child. They can be used to save many people from death and help parents choose how they want their children to look. The idea of designer babies has been around for about a decade but it may actually begin to happen very soon. In fact, British scientists have created a test that analyzes embryos for genetic diseases and can be used to determine what genes can cause certain diseases (Steere).
The type of sperm (X or Y) that fertilizes an egg can be chosen, which is used to determine the sex and genes of the baby. The embryos can be screened for genetic diseases, and only selected embryos are implanted back into the mother’s womb. This technique is called Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis or PGD. (Bionet par. 2) Michael Lemonick, a writer for Time, shows in his article “Designer Babies” that these techniques allow doctors and parents to reduce the chance that a child will be born with a genetic disorder.
In this method, an embryo that has been created in a laboratory, using an egg and sperm from the prospective parents, is screened for the genetic disease that the parents are concerned about. Any embryos that are revealed to either carry the gene, or actually be affected by the disease are rejected from the pool of acceptable embryos. The embryos that are free from the disease of concern are then available to be implanted into the mother. The second main technique involves an embryo that was conceived through natural means and is in utero. In that case, an amniocentesis is done to remove cells from the developing fetus.
Scientist has discovered by a mother giving her blood sample and the father giving a spit sample, an entire genome of their fetus can be born. Clinical test capitalize on this DNA to discern the baby’s sex and determine whether mother and child have incompatible Rh blood groups, which can lead to fatal complications. Every gene and every chromosome known about a baby’s genetic make-up, while still in the u... ... middle of paper ... ... to go through the DNA make-up child. When choosing prenatal DNA sequencing there are many positives that come along with it, such as being able to lessen the amount of genetic diseases within in the child. Although there can be many positives, there are many negatives that fall along with prenatal DNA sequencing, such as whether its right for the parent to alter their child’s genes.
New technology that involves using in vitro fertilization (IVF), which allows a egg and sperm to become an embryo in a petri dish and then transferred to the uterus. Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), which allows the embryo to be evaluated. Are these techniques something from where we could benefit or will they, result in a harmful outcome? There are benefits that come from designer babies. If a couple knows that a genetic disease, such as cystic fibrosis, is inherited in the family, the doctors can use these techniques to reduce the chance of their child having the disorder.
The process starts off with six, three day old embryos. They are then tested in a lab for particular genetic diseases. Embryos without the disease would then be implanted into the mother's womb; therefore decreasing the chance... ... middle of paper ... ...ciety. Those who received genetic enhancement would discriminate against those who didn't or don't posses certain qualities. Today, people with genetic defects are already socially rejected because they act differently.
“A designer baby is a baby genetically engineered in vitro for specially selected traits, which can vary from lowered disease-risk to gender selection, before the advent of genetic engineering and in vitro fertilization (IVF)” (The Embryo Project Encyclopedia). IVF is the process of fertilizing an egg with a sperm cell outside of the body, mostly done in a laboratory, and implanted into the mother. The process of creating a “designer” baby is one that is very tedious. It involves many steps and it has to been done precisely. Designer babies have some people afraid to see the approval of this process.
These eggs are then taking and fertilized in a laboratory. Doctors then extract DNA from the zygote to be examined. If no undesired trait are found in this zygote and the parents have no wish to further modify their child, implantation is then attempted through embryo transfer. However if the parents do wish to change something for example, the eye color, that involves more work. This is done by a process called germ line gene therapy, this is very similar to traditional gene therapy hover it is done to sperm or egg cells.
Defects in the baby. This is possible only when CVS is done before... ... middle of paper ... ...f possible. Watch a video to learn more on CVS Prenatal Test: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKG9yhkd8zQ Summary A CVS test is sometimes done during early pregnancy to determine if a fetus has a chromosomal abnormality, such as Down syndrome. One should consult a specialist to know more about the procedure and its risks and complications. Works Cited http://www.babycenter.com/0_chorionic-villus-sampling-cvs_328.bc?showAll=true http://americanpregnancy.org/prenataltesting/cvs.html http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/chorionic-villus-sampling/basics/risks/prc-20013566 http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/chorionic-villus-sampling/basics/how-you-prepare/prc-20013566 http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/chorionic-villus-sampling/basics/what-you-can-expect/prc-20013566http://www.babycenter.com/0_chorionic-villus-sampling-cvs_328.bc?showAll=true