If the benefits of saving a certain amount of time outweigh the costs of potentially getting caught and paying a fine, the driver is likely to exceed the speed limit. Some motorists choose to exceed the speed limit because they seek the thrill of travelling at high velocities. Whilst such drivers are not necess... ... middle of paper ... ... of drivers (that wish to legally drive) to exceed the speed limit. It is inevitable that some drivers will elect to exceed the speed limit. Assuming that they are rational economic agents, a complex economic assessment will occur prior to any decision to break the law.
If goods are delivered late the demand is likely to decrease as cons... ... middle of paper ... ...port due to congestion, the issue of congestion is also one that has to be solved by setting up several policies and control mechanisms such as charges which all require government funds which could have been used to help society in another way which could be more beneficial. Congestion does not only negatively impact the economy but it also causes social impacts on road users such as accidents and it is thus necessary to implement policy that can curb out congestion such as congestion charges. Although the impact of congestion is hardly recognized by many people in society and business do not record the losses incurred thanks to congestion, they are serious and lead to enormous financial distress if not addressed and reduced performance of the workforce. Congestion should therefore be dealt with as it has a negative impact on economies.
Public transportation is more affordable rather than driving to work every day The cost of public transportation should be afford... ... middle of paper ... ...people’s health, if less carbon dioxide release to the environment, people do not have to breathe polluted air inevitably. Besides that, it will cause no great traffic jam because people use more public transit. Furthermore, it helps reduce the amount of exhaust fumes in the air. In addition to that, it may be able to relieve traffic jams. If more people use public transportation, it means diminishing the number of cars on the road.
We see it especially prevalent during rush hours. You can ignore it, but n... ... middle of paper ... ...r the pollution they are contributing when driving on the roads. Typically, the environmental benefits of road pricing are, more often than not, regarded as a co-benefit to implementing road pricing (Arnold, 2013, p. 18). The bulk of the benefit to introduce road pricing still remains with generating revenue and reducing congestion. Politically implementing road pricing has been a tough battle, but it is actually believed to change people’s habits.
It is often the case we have to buy cheap second hand cars as new cars are very expensive. Sometimes this is fine and you can have a reliable car, but other times you pick one up that’s not been well maintained and can cost you a fortune in repairs and keeping it on the road. Petrol prices generally go up, rarely coming down even when global fuel prices go down. This is an ongoing expense too, a car is useless without fuel. Picking a car with a smaller engine can save fuel and modern cars also have been designed with better fuel economy, but as I have already mentioned modern cars cost more money upfront.
These time savings, however, come at a cost of significant road injuries and fatalities. While it is known that drivers tend to overestimate the time savings” (Ellison and Greaves 239) meaning that drivers usually think that speeding would let them reach faster, which in fact they risk their life for only few minutes saving if it saves any. Usually people miss interpret the relationship between time and speed, most of the drivers understand that speeding would save too much time, but it doesn’t “The same holds true when increasing from a high speed: If drivers know that a speed increase will save them less time than they estimate, they may be inclined to drive even faster; on the other hand, they may choose to avoid the higher risk and not speed at all” (Peer and Gamliel 359) Meaning that if people understand that speeding doesn’t save much time, they will probably choose to drive safely and avoid the risk of making
Actually, sustainable development can partly solve the urbanization problems, for it can reduce the impact of the problems such as traffic jam, housing shortage and severe pollution, but it is difficult to completely solve these problems in a short time. Traffic jam Traffic jam is one of the most serious problems of urbanization, almost all the modern cities are facing different levels of traffic jam problems. In general, people can ease the traffic jam and not compromise the quality of life by a policy of sustainable development in two aspects including formulating a more efficient transport pattern and changing the urban construction. For formulating a more efficient transport pattern, there are some specific strategies. Firstly, government can encourage people to pay more attention to public transit.
For example, road users who break through signs traffic signs and public transport drivers were lower and raise the passengers own wishes. Traffic congestion has a negative impact and positive impact. Negative impacts include urban communities must enjoy the noise and bustle of the vehicle every day, suffered a loss of time. When they were supposed to be efficient even wasted in vain due to stuck in traffic. Then hamper emergency vehicles such as ambulances and fire engines in their duties and increase air pollution due to the low speed of energy consumption tends to be higher.
Surprisingly, urban sprawl can sometimes be a helpful solution to this problem. As stated before urban sprawl is the movement from major urban areas to smaller suburban areas, that are usually dependent on cars to get from place to place. While some might think this may cause problems for the inner city areas, it can help in the aspect of reducing overpopulation. The more people that decide to move out of the city the less likely the area is to over-populate. This can, in turn reduce a number of other problems associated with overpopulation such as environmental costs, public health, and safety.
I will also have to take into account the financial constraints and public inconveniences, such as road closures that may result and put unacceptable strain on the functioning of the city. A common suggestion to relieve city centre was to simply build more car parks. Although this seems a simple solution, it does not completely solve the problem. One of the main advantages to doing this is that commuters and visiting tourists and shoppers are able to park their car somewhere safe. In addition, it would probably relieve congestion in the city centre considerably.