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Pros And Cons Of Rehabilitation

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2. Address the “pros & cons” of punishment and rehabilitation. How do this effect victims of crime and deter or not deter future criminal misconduct.

Punishment is seen as a way for the offender to pay for their crimes. The most common form of punishment is incarceration. It is believed that punishment acts as both a specific and a general deterrence, since the effects of the punishment are thought to be generalisable. The factor of incapacitation has the positive effect that it is thought to prevent recidivism and crime for at least the time of incarceration or in cases of the death penalty completely, since it separates the offender from society. Further, victims might see punishment as more appropriate for the offender, due to them getting
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The treatment and service provided should lead to a change in the behaviour of the offender allowing them to continue a crime free life after their release. A positive factor of rehabilitation is the lower re-offending rate, compared to incarceration without rehabilitation. Therefore, rehabilitation will be more likely to deter future misconduct since it provides the offenders with other alternatives to crime and further might help them change their attitudes and behaviours allowing them to reintegrate better into society. However a negative factor of rehabilitation could be the costs of implementing rehabilitation programs within the correctional institutions. Many institutions can not afford to offer these programs (Allen, et al., 2015). Further, rehabilitation might be perceived by the victim of the crime as too lenient. Victims might not think that the offenders should receive this treatment if they have not made restitution for their offence against…show more content…
Restorative justice includes things such as victim- offender mediation, victim- offender panels or community sentencing. However, this movement needs support from the local community and it is important that the restitution helps the victim recover from the trauma the crime might have caused. Further restorative justice can not be applied to some crimes, such as rape (Allen, et al., 2015).
Currently restorative justice is mostly used within the juvenile justice system, mostly due to the believe that juveniles have to be treated differently than adults when it comes to punishment for an offence. Restorative justice is often prefered to the traditional system, since the offenders are more likely to comply with the required restitutions and it helps incorporate them back into their communities (Hines, 2008). At the moment there are many efforts made to move more towards a restorative justice model. These efforts include for example gaining more support from the communities. Communities are an important aspect for restorative justice, since it aims to improve community bonds and through this reduce crime. Therefore, the support of the community is vital. Efforts in this direction have been made by involving community members in the restorative justice process and the response to offences (Pranis,1995). Other
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