Finally, Lincoln believed that transforming the dispute from a conflict to preserve the Union to a crusade against slavery would dissuade the threatening British and French from supporting the Confederacy. With its new stated purpose, the Civil War would now have huge societal repercussions. The largest and most complex issue of Reconstruction was how to go about admitting the Confederate states back into the Union. President Lincoln’s plans were quite lenient, accepting the seceded states back into the Union even if by vote only a minority of a state’s white males took an oath of loyalty to the United States. However, John Wilkes Booth assassinated him before any of his plans could go into action.
Racism and Reconstruction Although Lincoln's Plan of Reconstruction was not put into effect in the South after the Civil War, if it had been racism would have been almost completely avoided in the 20th century. Licoln's proposed plan was called the "10% Plan." It called for 10% of the people would voted in the 1860 Election to take a pledge of loyalty to the Union. This plan was met by harsh oppostion by the Radical Republicans in Congress who viewed the South as conquered territory. These Radicals said that Lincoln's plan was much too soft.
Reconstruction would start after the Civil war. President Lincoln had started the crusade in helping Black Americans for civil rights with the Emancipation proclamation, freeing all the slaves in the current rebeling states in 1863. This would then lead to the 13th Amendment (1865), the 14th Amendment (1868) and the 15th Amendment that would attempt to give the vote and citizenship to freed slaves. The Federal Government during the beginning would work to protect Black Americans showing that it wasn’t just down to Black leaders for Civil rights. Despite Congresses best efforts, President Andrew Johnson would be unlike his Predecessor.
The general goal was to reconstruct the country economically, socially, and politically after being torn apart by the Civil War. Much controversy surrounded the readmission of the Confederacy to the Union, another major goal of Reconstruction. Radical Republicans in Congress wanted to make it difficult and to punish the South for seceding. President Andrew Johnson, Lincoln’s predecessor, did not feel this was necessary and pardoned majority of Southerners and their leaders. Another major goal was to ensure that blacks were given protection and their full rights as American citizens.
The primary goal of Reconstruction after the Civil War would have been- in my Reconstruction Plan- mainly based around the integration of freed African Americans into Southern society. Many problems faced by Southerners that led up to the Civil War and followed it were centered around racial hatred and slavery. When that factor is removed from Southern society, easing the Ex-Confederate states back into the union should be much easier. Furthermore, ex-Confederates should be given rights like any other citizen of the United States. They should not be imprisoned, fined, banished, or discriminated against in any way.
Although Lincoln’s plan may have been too lenient, this bill would have been far too harsh and delayed readmission to the Union for a very long time. Lincoln did not sign the bill into law, or pocket-vetoed the bill, and was soon assassinated. Therefore, he did not have a chance to implement his plan of Reconstruction, and his goal was not met. After Andrew Johnson assumed the presidency following Lincoln’s assassination in ... ... middle of paper ... ...n did create black institutions in response to Reconstruction; there was a cropping up of black churches, schools, and higher education establishments (Boyer 458). Reconstruction made the nation as a whole feel ‘reunited’, but it was viewed as a failure and waste immediately after its completion (Boyer, 471).
However, pressures of the war prompted Lincoln to change his mind. Many Republicans pressured Lincoln to free the slaves as they no longer had an obligation to respect the Southern peculiar institution. They also pointed out slavery was what caused the war and would have a foreign policy advantage: repelling Britain from recognizing the Confederacy’s sovereignty. Also during this time, the Union was growing weary in response to a number of military failures and the enlistments were down; freeing that slaves would mean the Union recruit free blacks into its armed forces. Finally, it freed millions of innocent blacks from their shackles, which represented the American ideal of opportunity and equality.
(OI) This historic event concluded the government's efforts for reconstruction in the south which as a whole had ultimately failed. The era of Reconstruction had intended to mend the problems resulting from the American Civil War. Unfortunately, southern Radicalists made enormous efforts to prevent this as they believed in white supremacy. These Radicalists did not want to permit African Americans the ability to vote however they were forced to when accepting readmission into the Union under the Fourteenth Amendment. To counter this, these confederates created "Black Codes" to ensure racial segregation and even forged white supremacy organizations.
Reconstruction was to aid the South in rebuilding infrastructure damaged in the war but also to help people reconcile the cultural, social and economic changes that came with the end of slavery. Republicans believed that once black men had the right to vote, they could effect and improve their living and economic situations. (Gillon p. 577) Thus, the campaign for black enfranchisement originated. However, the nation struggled to adapt to the end of slavery. Individuals were challenged at the psychological, soci... ... middle of paper ... ...le the battlefields were empty the deep-rooted ideologies and reasons for the war persisted and returned home.
His goal was to rebuild the South peacefully and quickly rather than punish the South. President Lincoln wanted to help the South and its folks. He wanted to abolish slavery. He made the abolishment of slavery possible by issuing the Emancipation Proclamation. The Emancipation Proclamation was the executive order and document that freed all African-American slaves in Confederate states.