Pros And Cons Of Nuclear Energy

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Scientists have used radiation first time since the 1890s; they have developed various uses of this natural force. Radiation became very essential for our life. It is used in industry, medicine and for generating electricity. Many other uses of radiation consider it as main source like agriculture, geology for mining and others. Nuclear energy is widely used in the United States, especially for electric power. There are 12 reactor plants that are located in 10 different states. They are producing 87.8 million megawatt hours of power generation in 2011. One of the nuclear power plants in the United States is the Indian Point Reactor in New York City. This plant was opened in 1973 making it over 40 years old (United States Nuclear Regulatory…show more content…
Naturally, the humans will be exposed to radiation whether through natural or man-made sources. The main two top natural sources are cosmic (sun or star interact with earth atmospheres as beta or gamma radiation) and internal radiation; potassium, carbon, or lead that existing normally inside our body from birth (United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 2013). Man- made sources affect members of the public through x-rays, smoke detectors, or televisions and expose individuals who work in nuclear power plants and research laboratories (United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 2013). There are always pros and cons for everything and radiation is not an exception to this. Many scientists state that nuclear radiation has many positive uses. It is cheaper, less painful in health care treatments, distributes no air pollution or greenhouse gas products (United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 2013), but it causes some health problems if someone exposed to a higher dose. So, the people have started to wonder if they are safe from radiation exposure. So, the NCR developed regulations that the safe average yearly dose of 0.62 rem (620 millirem) from all radiation sources (United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 2013). Individuals will need to add more to their radiation exposure by answering the following questions in the radiation dose calculator: if you have porcelain crowns or false teeth, add 0, 07 or if you have a smoke detector, add 0.008. The calculator than totals one’s average radiation exposure. I completed the radiation dose calculator and my yearly exposure is lower than the recommended 620 millirems. So, I feel safer from radiation exposure. The average days lost in a person’s exposure to the radiation through its work is 15 days for 300 mrem/ year and 51 days for 3 mrem/year, compared to the
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