Pros And Cons Of Manipulation Of DNA

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“Will the human manipulation of DNA provide significant benefits to today’s society?”

Human manipulation of DNA, also known as genetic engineering and recombinant DNA technology, is a process that involves combining DNA, and inserting the newly recombined DNA into cells to be expressed through protein synthesis. The human manipulation of DNA can be beneficial and disadvantageous. It allows genetically engineered (GE) proteins to be manufactured, aiding those with cardiac issues, and can increase genetic diversity. Contrarily, it can decrease biodiversity, and create unknown conditions. Currently, genetic engineering can be used on crops, human proteins, and plants, raising the question, “Will the human manipulation of DNA provide significant benefits to today’s society?”

Humans manipulate DNA either through a procedure called gene cloning, or a technique known as transgenesis. Transgenesis involves incorporating foreign DNA into organisms. DNA is a long double helix molecule, found in essentially all living organisms. DNA consists of nucleotide subunits, and can
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A human DNA, in which biologists have identified and isolated the gene of interest using probes or antibodies, will then be chosen. This gene of interest is incorporated into the plasmid cuts. These new plasmids are mixed with, and taken up by bacterial cells under suitable conditions. As these bacterial cells reproduce, the plasmids containing the gene of interest will be copied, and transferred to the bacterial progenies. Genes are segments of chromosomes that code for specific polypeptide or RNA molecules. Plasmids are small loops of DNA separated from bacterial chromosomes, or viral vectors. Restriction enzymes are enzymes that cut DNA at highly specific areas that always contains the same sequence of
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