preview

Pros And Cons Of Fracking

Satisfactory Essays
Fracking is the extraction of natural gasses from minerals deep underneath the ground. The process in which these natural gasses are released are a combination of “horizontal drilling and the fracturing of shale deep underground with high-pressure water to create a path for gas to flow back up the well.” (Biello, 2013) The Marcellus Shale Formation is considered to contain over 490 trillion cubic feet of gas and is considered to hold one largest concentration of natural gas reserves in the United States. This ranges across the states of New York to North Carolina as well as Wyoming, Texas, and Louisiana. Currently, New York State does not allow fracking but is revising a set of proposed regulations, while Pennsylvania and other states are allowing fracking under state regulations. The real question is not whether or not fracking should be allowed; the benefits to the economy, the citizens, and the idea that the United States may become energy independent while we cutting down on CO2 emissions is too attractive to overlook. However, the real question is who should regulate and monitor the process of fracking to ensure the environment, wells, and land of the citizens are protected.
When we talk about regulating fracking, we are really talking about the federal government versus the state government issue. In April 2013, The Wall Street Journal posted an article that posits two different opinions on the fracking regulation question. While both opinions agree that fracking will provide the citizens of the United States with more benefits than not, Jody Freeman, pro federal regulation, states that the federal government needs to be in charge of regulating fracking because state standards can vary from state to state and the issues that...

... middle of paper ...

...portant considerations is the effective plugging and capping of depleted wells. If done correctly, natural gas will not leak out of them. Many concerns of fracking include methane leaks, global warming, groundwater and drinking water contamination, wastewater, water depletion, and earthquakes. Although these risks do exist, if fracking is done correctly and safely these risks are greatly decreased. In order to protect themselves from damage to the land and accidents that can occur from fracking, landowners should invest in fracking insurance. This way they will be compensated if anything goes wrong.
Tax payers have spent a plethora of money on research into alternative energy, however, have not found an alternative energy source that can meet the demand and needs of the country the same way that fossil fuels can. Especially the way the reserves of natural gas can.
Get Access