Pros And Cons Of Corporal Punishment

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The United States government should ban all forms of corporal punishment used on children to help reduce violence against them. In 1995, the United States signed the United Nations Conventions on the Rights of the Child treaty, but it was never ratified and so corporal punishment remains widely used. Statistics show by the time a child is two years old; nearly two-thirds of parents have used corporal punishment, and by middle school the use of corporal punishment increases to about 80% (Gershoff, 2008). By the time a child reaches high school, we see a slight increase in the percentage of children who have experience being physically punished (85%), and over 50% have been hit with a belt (Gershoff, 2008). Corporal punishment is defined as “the use of physical force with the intention of causing a child to experience pain but not injury for the purpose of correction or control of the child’s behavior” (Gershoff, 2002). However, in the United States there is lack of consensus between reasonable corporal punishment and physical abuse. Several studies have also found the use of corporal punishment increases the risk of negative developmental outcomes (Durrant, 2012). Instead of using corporal punishment parents, school personnel, and caregivers should learn more effective techniques to handle children’s undesirable behaviors and promote positive ones. Gershoff 2002 study on corporal punishment by parents found parental corporal punishment on children was associated with a decrease in a child’s moral internalization, quality of relationships with parents, and a decrease in mental health in both child and adulthood. She also found it was associated with an increase in a child’s delinquency, antisocial behavior, and aggression ... ... middle of paper ... ...outcomes associated with corporal punishment and the ineffectiveness of its use. These efforts along with law reform can help move the United States toward banning the use of corporal punishment on children and ultimately influencing the more severe violence on them. In conclusion, the use of corporal punishment on children should be banned as it continues to grow out of favor among Americans. The use of corporal punishment is also associated with detrimental negative outcomes such as, an increased risk of aggression, antisocial behaviors, mental health problems, and puts children at greater risk of experiencing physical abuse. Also with efforts in place to educate the public and provide effective alternative strategies for disciplining children, passing a ban in the United States on all forms of corporal to help protect children is in the foreseeable future.
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