That defective gene could result in a lifelong disease or complication, such as sickle cell disease. If found early it could be prevented or treated, promising that infant a better quality of life. Genetic therapy would be unethical if conducted for any other reason than disease prevention. Scientists and researchers believes that gene therapy could be modified to augment and heighten precise characteristics, which without the technology are uncontrollable, such as an individual’s aptitude, strength, athleticism, eye color, hair color, skin color, height, or gender (Designer Babies, 2017). The ethical determinants considered in the implication of gene therapy has caused a worldwide discussion.
One must also consider the ethical questions that arise. Gene therapy offers undeniable benefits, but the risks it poses need to be addressed before this technology can become common practice. The goal of gene therapy is to correct the unwanted trait or disease by introducing a modified copy into the cell. Notice that the purpose is not to replace defective genes in the host cell, rather it is to provide a new copy, so the correct protein is expressed, or at least the defective gene is neutralized (Blachford 462). Humans are made of trillions of cells, each with a specific function.
Opponents of cloning believe that the procedure of cloning has not been proven safe at all, while those who support cloning believe the cloning of humans could be used to solve human diseases and infertility. However, both sides may agree that human cloning may help in our new era. Human cloning has been successful and has had failure at times as well. The proponents of human cloning could be broken down into two arguments. The first argument being the way cloning can help by using certain technology to make sure the infertility rate goes down by helping to produce a genetic offspring.
There are many moral and ethical decisions that need to be considered before gene therapy can be widely accepted. Do we have the right to change a person’s genetics, especially before they are born? Do we know enough to confidently insert or delete genes without detrimental consequences down the road? If we have the ability to help people who have disabilities or diseases, is it ethical to withhold and not treat the patient? I believe human gene therapy is a good and useful tool for medicine and needs to be developed because it posses the ability to help and cure people from ailments that degrade their quality of life.
Therefore every person on the earth is a combination of their biological parents who in turn are a combination of their biological parents and the chain goes on and on. Genes are an important foundation of how one becomes and how they will develop from childhood to adulthood. Studies have also shown that genetics also plays a part in illnesses and diseases that c... ... middle of paper ... ...ir genetic material are passed on as DNA which is the map of the new unique human being formed after conception. The genetic material determines specific traits in the newly created life both physically, mentally and emotionally as the individual has to take after the mother and father. It can also determine if a genetic disease is to be in the future for this life.
Though embryo screening is seen as a gift because of its ability to detect diseased genes, human genetic engineering can be viewed as a greater blessing with its ability to modify the gene carrying the disease. In my research paper, I will discuss how Kant and Mill believe determining the fates of our future generation, and how its future is unethical, while also discussing how Julian Savelescu believes it is a moral obligation to select for valuable characteristic traits. The focal argument and debate between the two opposing sides lies on the ethics of parenting: “whether parents should be maximizing their children’s well-being, or simply giving them a good enough life” (Savelescu 1). Recently, a project by scientists, The Human Genome Project, has come to completion. This project took years of compiled knowledge and advancement in technology to be able to successfully map out a sequence of three billion nucleotides of the human genome.
Depending on which variants affect the possibility of our genes and developing a particular disease or an awful reaction to a drug. The topic of human genetics typically will have a divided audience. Numerous people believe it will be the future of science, and on the other hand others believe it is morally wrong. Understandably, being able to expand in the field of genetic engineering opens the doors to various scientific discoveries, and breakthroughs. In addition, having the technology to cure and prevent illness would be a revolutionary advancement.
Stem cell research has provided scientists with insight into new possibilities for effective therapies against difficult health conditions, but it has also created several ethical debates on an international level. From a scientific viewpoint, stem cell research has the potential to cure chronic conditions, such as Parkinson's disease, diabetes, chronic hearth conditions, spinal cord disabilities, and other conditions that require complete tissue regeneration for successful treatment. In other words, the cause for researching stem cells and their therapeutic properties could be justified despite the moral complaints against it. However, lack of proper regulations and several ethical complaints against stem cell research restrict its development. Two main complaints against stem cell research define it as a violation of human rights through the destruction of embryos and a potential cause of inhuman practices in the future.
In gene manipulation athletes could genetically modify themselves with performance enhancing DNA. “One possibility would be to inject the gene for eythropoietin (EPO), a protein that boosts red blood cell count. This allows an athlete's blood to carry more oxygen”(Randerson, 2001). “And far-fetched as it may seem, we may be watching ge... ... middle of paper ... ...usually between unrelated species of plants, animals, bacteria, viruses, and humans. Although the impact of genetics is still unclear, if the more optimistic predictions of scientists are realized, then impact on the overall pattern of healthcare could improve.
Looking at the role of Glucocorticoids cortisol in fetal development, the article states that they play a critical role in development and are associated with the “hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, one of the body’s major stress responsive systems.” (Davis & Sandman, 2010) This cortisol increases in mothers over the course of pregnancy and is important in brain development in the fetus. While these Glucocorticoids are important and essential to prenatal development, overexposure can lead to negative effects, including emotional disturbances in early childhood, deregulated stress responses in infa... ... middle of paper ... ...ing that there is still much to discover on how exactly maternal stress affects the fetus in prenatal development. Works Cited Davis, E. P., & Sandman, C. A. (2010). The timing of prenatal exposure to maternal cortisol and psychosocial stress is associated with human infant cognitive development.