It had made the USA law-less, the police were corrupt and the gangsters were rich and powerful. When the Wall Street crash followed by the great depression the economy was helpless. People were out of jobs businesses went bankrupt and the country suffered. However, by repealing prohibition it would create jobs, raise the taxes, and free the impossible task of enforcing prohibition. This would help bring money back into America.
Sandbrook is incorrect to remark that from the moment the Volstead Act came into effect, America’s National gangsters saw it as a business opportunity. This is because the early years of Prohibition were years where enforcement was particularly strict, which made the distribution of alcohol very risky. Yet regardless, by far criminals who had the most to gain were gangsters such as Al Capone, who made $100 million a year from speakeasies and casinos alone. Violence played a large role in organised crimes during the years of Prohibition, with an increase in burglary, theft and battery assaults by a total of 22%. There were also wars between gangsters over each other’s territory, and the most famous act of violence during the years of Prohibition came from Capone’s army of 700 gangsters, who committed over 300 murders in Chicago.
Prohibition created more crime because it was leading to corruption and the “cure” was worse than the original problem (Sifakis 725). The number of crimes increased during the Prohibition which caused organized crime to be very “popular”. Many criminal groups had a regular income of money through illegal actions such as drinking and selling alcohol (Organized Crime and Prohibition 1). Alcohol increased the organized crimes during Prohibition through loopholes in the 18th Amendment, speakeasies, doctor’s prescriptions, and bootlegging. Bootleg alcohol was one of the main reasons organized crimes began (Organized Crime and Prohibition 1).
This law was created in the hope of achieving the reduction of alcohol consumption, which in turn would reduce: crime, poverty, death rates, and improve both the economy, and the quality of life for all Americans. These goals were far from achieved. The prohibition amendment of the 1920's was ineffective because it was unenforceable. Instead, it caused various social problems such as: the explosive growth of organized crime, increased liquor consumption, massive murder rates and corruption among city officials. Prohibition also hurt the economy because the government wasn’t collecting taxes on the multi-billion dollar a year industry.
Addicts end up committing crimes to pay for drugs because of their high cost, small time users and dealers have no choice but to turn to a life of crime if they are incarcerated, drug cartels break laws to retain power, and more often than not, police officials are also lured by the high markups in the drug trade. By criminalizing drug use, we are creating a vicious cycle of crime that is undermining the very purpose of this policy.
Capone had a big role in taking advantage of the 18th amendment, the prohibition of alcohol. The 18th Amendment was passed because alcohol made America look too filthy and the government worried about its reputation. With many other gangsters, Al Capone started the road of money making by selling alcohol to the citizens, just like before, but this time it was illegal and costs much more money than it was sold before. Al Capone wanted all the power to himself, so he established the idea of illuminating his rivals, the people that practically stole money off his wallet. The killing ideas became too serious, promoting many police searches , but with so many places to hide, Al Capone continued running his organization with the assistant of his good friends.
Mobsters started running very illegal monopolies as a living and hiring common people to do their dirty work. This lead to some very serious gang related violence. Due to all of this occurring at the same time, it changed the way in which police forces were ran. Prohibition led to widespread organized crime in the 1920s and 1930s because it opened up an illegal monopoly for gangs, initiated gang related violence, and the change it the way police forces operated, forever changing America as a result. Big time Mobsters began setting up some big ideas for big business.
The Mafia was more than just an influential group of the 1920’s and 1930’s because it contributed to society in the past and continues to affect the present. The Prohibition period, a time when the sale of alcohol was illegal, was the Mafia’s first opportunity to rise above the average person. The Prohibition era allowed the Mafia to grow by giving them the chance to plan and distribute illegal substances (Mooney 14). Here, the Mafia could hire “bootleggers” and send them to do their illegal bidding while using any idea imaginable to disguise their trucks of alcohol (Lunde 131). The Mafia also used biker gangs to disguise themselves in order to transport their illegal liquor (Black 38).
Prohibition created more senseless violence with Al Capone’s organized crime business and turned many gang members into bootleggers. With the help of George Remus and Al Capone, the U.S. government weakened and the power of the people was exposed. Crime was out of control during this time and all of the “evils” of alcohol which the 18th amendment was supposed to outlaw, were greatly sparked. On December 5th, 1933, the Daily Mirror newspaper announced that Utah became the 36th state to ratify the 21st amendment and prohibition came to an end. (Appendix I) The two most substantial causes to the passing of the 21st amendment were George Remus’s bootlegging industry and Al Capone’s organized crime business; whereas the idea that the stock market crash and the Great Depression was the main factor to repealing prohibition is false and otherwise not as significant.
By the time Franklin Roosevelt came out for repeal during the 1932 campaign, it was clear that the 18th Amendment was doomed.” This struggling issue of the 20's was known as “the noble experiment” one that split opinion of the us citizens, prohibition had many reasons to be a controversy but this experiment failed as it should have because the crime rose and it limited peoples freedom and rights. Other bad things came from this and it was not an efficient solution to the things they were trying to prevent. The Public opposition to prohibition was because of many reasons but it was most based on the rise of crime, violating freedom and rights, and alcohol created a large profit for america that we were losing because of prohibition. Many people were against this law because the legal liquor indu... ... middle of paper ... ... more by limiting peoples freedom of speech and also letting crime rise to power. People that agreed with prohibition didn't realize that even without alcohol this issues would still exist, especially because they couldn't truly enforce the law.