Progressive Era

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Industrialization took place during the 1877-1920’s. It transformed a group of people from a society that depended on agriculture to an industrial society. Two characteristics were the increase of the automobile industry and factory based jobs, which became more popular. The progressive Era was from the 1890’ s-1920. It was a time of political reform and social activism in the United States. Two of its characteristics were modernization for the world and social political effects of Plessy vs. Ferguson and Jim Crow. Spreading of cultures was influential to the U.S. during this time because it helped build business and increase the economy. In the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson, the effect was that segregation laws were constitutional as long as people had access to separate but equal facilities. This encouraged racism and the whites thought that they were superior while African Americans felt inferior. In the case of Jim Crow, schools were separate but equal. This allowed the government to neglect the education of black children while cultivating the education of whit children. Some African American leaders took different approaches to the problems of segregation. W.E.B. Du Bois organized the Niagara Movement and out of that came the national association for the advancement of colored people (NAACP). Dubois became frustrated with the progress of civil rights in the U.S., moved to Ghana, and gave up his American citizenship. Booker T Washington befriended the white people that supported slavery in order to get financial support for Tuskegee Institute. He was an active supporter of African American education. Ida B. Wells, a writer for the Memphis free speech newspaper reported about three innocent black men that were ly... ... middle of paper ... ...ith organized associations and persistence they were able to push through and make revolutionary change to vote. Taft favored income tax, safety rules for mines and law that gave government workers eight-hour workdays. He was also responsible for making regulations controlling child labor. Teddy Roosevelt was the first president to outlaw the monopoly. He supported the protection of natural resources and reforms to protect consumers. Wilson convinced congress to create the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). The FTC had the power to investigate companies and order them to stop using unfair practices to destroy competitors. He signed the Clayton Anti-trust law, which banned some business practices that limited competition, and it stopped anti trust laws. In conclusion railroads provided a form of transportation, while factories provided jobs for American citizens.

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