Programming Languages Essay

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In the 20th century, meaningful education was all about learning ABCs and 123s whereas now it is all about learning programming languages. We are surrounded by the things that are programmed to make our work easier. Without programming, the mobiles that we use would have been reduced to small bricks. Like our heart keeps us alive, in the same way, programming brings all the hardware to life.
What are programming languages? A programming language is a formally constructed language designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer. Programming languages can be used to create programs to control the behavior of a machine. Moreover, the art of using programming languages is simply called programming or coding.
A programming language has few vital parts in it. Like syntax, compiler, libraries and etc. A syntax means the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language. Syntax gives the proper structure to the program. A compiler is a
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The first programmable computers required the programmers to write explicit instructions to manipulate directly the hardware of the computer. This “machine language” was very tedious to write by hand since even simple tasks such as printing some output on the screen require 10 or 20 machine language commands. Machine language is often referred to as a “low-level language” since the code directly manipulates the hardware of the computer.
By contrast, higher level languages such as “C”, C++, Pascal, COBOL, FORTRAN, ADA and Java are called “compiled languages.” In a compiled language, the programmer writes more general instructions, and a compiler (a special piece of software) automatically translates these high-level instructions into machine language. The computer then executes the machine language. A large portion of the software in use today is programmed in this
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